Arete is achieved by one’s actions. Arete is viewed as a desirable character trait which some define as the display of perseverance, quick-wittedness, prowess, valor, etc. Please help, the homework it's needed for is due the 11th (Friday). The Odyssey Topic Tracking: Guests and Hosts. History []. The qualities of cunning, disguise, and self-restraint are closely related in The Odyssey – in some ways, they're sides of the same coin. Please citespecific examples of arete in The Iliad and The Odyssey. In regards to the Iliad the way Homer describes Achilles is an example of Arete (187). Alcinous takes him to the dinning, in which Odysseus is nourished. Homer uses epithets constantly throughout the Odyssey both because they fit the meter of the poem and because they act as mnemonic devices for both orator and audience. Homer uses these characters to depict the several ways in which women were viewed by society. Queen, Arete, daughter of godlike King Rhexenor! The most powerful is Athena, as she makes things happen during the entire story. Why was arête (‘virtue’) an important theme in Homer’s Iliad? Odyssey. As Odysseus sleeps, Athena flies to a Phaeacian city where the princess Nausicaa, daughter of the king Alcinous, lies sleeping.Disguised as a girl the princess's age, Athena scolds her for the poor condition of her clothes, and suggests that they go to the shore to wash them. "An author of the "Creon and the Concepts of Arete, Hubris, Ate and Nemesis in Antigone" paper aims to investigate the main features of the Creon as a character in a StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. In men excellence is defined by succeeding in five areas. I cannot for the life of me find a proper definition for the two words, and therefore I cannot find examples of them. Two examples which can be compared are Priam's supplication of Achilles (I. Examples of repetition as a literary device in The Odyssey include such phrases as "rosy-fingered dawn," "bright-eyed Athena," and "wine-dark sea." To have honor a man must be courageous in battle. Telemachus, the focus of the first four books of The Odyssey, provides an early example of good hospitality as both a host and a guest. Finally. Arete was revered by her society because of her wisdom and was even called upon to settle men’s differences which was really uncommon in that clip. In the Homeric world, then, Arete involves all of the abilities and potentialities available to humans. by and large in conflict and is a combination of qualities such as bravery. Guests and Hosts 5: Alcinous and Arete welcome the stranger into their house when he clings to her knees and offer him food and shelter. honor ( … In the Odyssey, the trickster archetype is found in the character of Penelope, Odysseus' wife. When Odysseus arrived in the island, he met Nausicaa initially, who, wanting to help him, told him to appeal to her mother for protection. Arete-Excellence In his epic poem the Iliad, Homer defines excellence in men and women. Using arete as a principle for living life means that you are focused … It referred to “a young hero’s responsibility – their moral imperative,” the acquisition and mastery of intellectual and physical skills from elders in defense of the state (where the … The goddesses play very demanding, controlling roles in “The Odyssey”. The excellence of the gods generally included their power, but, in the Odyssey (13.42), the gods can grant excellence to a life, which is contextually understood to mean prosperity. Arete is associated … ... this was a bad thing; it very well be a good thing, or a virtue (as Romans would say) or a form of excellence or arete (pronounced ah-ray-tay, as the Greeks would say). "Stories from the Odyssey" by H. L. Havell But Arete pleaded hard with her husband for Medeia, for her heart was softened. The opportunity to demonstrate arete was why many Greeks went to Troy. Homer uses this manner of speaking to describe his main character, Odysseus. DIFFERENT TYPES OF ARETÉ— Heroic Arete. For example, in book 7, the capability of Arete the queen in the years past is related as a memory, but in the same line we are introduced to the memory that serves to contrast that capability. The Iliad was a sequel to the Odyssey. When they find out that he is a traveler lost on his way, they offer him passage home. The Odyssey can be thought of as a manual for a host of how to (and how not to) show hospitality to a guest and vice versa. Odysseus is cunning, or clever, in many instances throughout his journey; one needs cleverness in order to survive in this ancient world of gods and monsters. In later philosophical writing, arete may mean something close to virtue, but in 's heroic code, it means the type of excellence a warrior displays by fighting well. The stories The Odyssey and The Ramayana are similar in many ways but the characters themselves are a bit different. The arete of something is the highest quality state it can reach. Examples of arete are easy to find, particularly in the, since the main reason many of the warriors, including Achilles, are there is to achieve arete. Alcinous questions whether Odysseus is a deity; he reassures him he is not. | eNotes. Both men enter unseen and embrace their host or hostess at the knees. Later, it became a more generalized concept of excellence, as seen in Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy. The excellence of the gods generally included their power, but, in the Odyssey (13.42), the gods can grant excellence to a life, which is contextually understood to mean prosperity. Then, with the mentor archetype, Odysseus' father, Menelaus, is a great example. Because Penelope uses trickery to deceive her unwanted suitors. The term arete was very prominent and influential in …show more content… However, examples within the literary narrative of the Odyssey leaves the discussion open with regards to his leadership. It referred, after all, originally to the "excellence" of the warrior, sharing a common root with the name of the war-god Ares. The first type of woman, the bad, disrespectful woman is portrayed through two characters. They lived in eminent families under the leadership of a local oligarchy described as ’αγαθος (good). The Odyssey. Penelope's arete, for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is praised by Agamemnon. only from context. Penelope's arete, for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is praised by Agamemnon. This is an example of an epithet, a phrase that describes a character or item. Arete (‘Virtue’) Theme in Homer’s Iliad Essay Free Essay. In Greek mythology , Queen Arete ( / ə ˈ r iː t iː / ; [1] Ancient Greek : Ἀρήτη , "she who is prayed for") of Scheria was the wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas . Priam also kisses Achilles' hands. This lesson discusses the significance of Pylos in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey.'' She was also the niece of her husband, as Alcinous and Rhexenor, Arete's father, were brothers, descendants of the god Poseidon.. The arete of something is the highest quality state it can reach. Arete was also the name of King Alcinous's wife. Arete was the queen of the island of Scheria in Greek mythology, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. the Odyssey. In the 8th century, a Greek poet decided to write a heroic poem named “The Odyssey.” The person who wrote such an epic poem goes by the name of Homer. 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