Gerrymandering is what enables politicians to hold a particular office for what may seem like eternity. This is a great explanation with good videos. Congress has the ability to increase that number, but has not done so on a permanent basis since 1911. Nicole S Hanson from Minnesota on October 15, 2012: Interesting hub! Sharing it and pinning it to the Awesome Hubpages board. Anyone who truly thinks we should have term limits (which we already have in the form of voting people out if we're unhappy with their performance), should understand gerrymandering. Many of us had been hoping the Court would rule that it was unfair and therefore illegal. Voted up and sharing with followers. It would seem to come down to Congress making changes that would be better for all voters, but I don't believe that is likely in the current political climate. Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on January 22, 2013: Excellent civics lesson! You did a great job of explaining. Since this process occurs every 10 years, so does the process of reapportionment. It looks like Wisconsin has fairly even lines drawn in comparison to some of those other convoluted lines in other states with respect to Gerrymandering. FRAGINAL, JTM. When a particular political party is in power or in the majority, that party naturally wants to give its candidates every advantage so that the party can remain in power. If people better understood how gerrymandering works, they would have a much better idea of how a particular Party stays in power and how gerrymandering benefits the politicians while working against the voters. pinterest-pin-it. Thank you Shyron, for reading and commenting on my hub. Unlikely it would be possible to draw the district lines precisely so that exactly 600,000 people would live within a district, true? Since the number of people living in each state changes, the U.S. House seats must occasionally be redivided. How well the weasel fits the part! Agree with what you say about security. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on August 07, 2012: Yes, I know most people have no idea how their government works or how it is supposed to work -- the two are often not the same. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on January 27, 2013: Peggy W, thank you for reading, commenting, voting, and sharing this hub! Up, useful, interesting votes and sharing. Thank you Shyron for commenting and I hope you are feeling better soon! Based on available state-level data, approximately 890,000 abortions took place in the United States in 2016—down from approximately 913,000 abortions in 2015.; In 2017, approximately 18% of U.S. pregnancies (excluding spontaneous miscarriages) ended in abortion. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on November 19, 2015: Peggy W., thank you for stopping by and commenting and for sharing this article. The U.S. Constitution requires the federal government to count how many people live in each state every 10 years. In 1910, the size of the U.S. House was fixed to 435 members by federal law. According to the New York Times, the Supreme Court of the United States is expected to rule on this case in August 2012. Lv 7. I'm glad you're feeling up to it. Reapportionment, and United States Census, 2000 (Wikipedia) . They play a bigger influence on who our office holders will be than we the voters do, and that just isn't right. Some states engage an independent commission to redraw district boundaries. A.Every two years. The most important thing to remember about who gets the advantage in gerrymandering is that it is NEVER the voters. If approval were not necessary here (as explained in this hub) the party in power (Republicans in this case) would have had their way years ago. I believe if more people could wrap their minds around how things work they would better understand why things often remain the same even when the electorate want change. The reapportionment or apportionment process actually refers to assigning seats in the House of Representatives among the states based on population counts from the decennial census, and is carried out at the national government level. UGH! I have to go for therapy, just wanted to say the hub is great. Oh, and to complicate matters further, we're in COUNTY district 3, for county supervisors!! What part of the brain experiences the most changes in the teen years and how? This is not an exercise in finger pointing because both major Parties in the U.S. do their best to gerrymander district boundaries to their party’s advantage when they can. By making as certain as possible that every district is made up of at least 60% (or a majority at the least) of people who regularly vote for their party’s candidates, currently sitting politicians can keep a member of their party in office indefinitely – that party member is usually themselves. Manipulators aren't stupid. Our coming elections are sure to be impacted by the latest horrific terrorist attacks in Paris and elsewhere. According to Wikipedia’s California Politics under Bi-Partisan gerrymandering, “After the 2000 census, the legislature was obliged to set new district boundaries, both for the state Assembly and Senate and for federal congressional districts (CDs). They do not steal the entire vehicle, but remove parts of it and sell them. They basically water down all the opposing votes so they may as well not bother to even vote! 1. Going to also give it a tweet. Voted up and shared. It is a shame that this is allowed to happen. Answer Key: D Question 23 of 100 Score: 2 (of possible 2 points) How often does reapportionment and redistricting of seats occur in the House of Representatives? In Reynolds v. Sims, the court ruled that "the Equal Protection Clause [of the United States … In the mid-1960s, the United States Supreme Court issued a series of rulings in an effort to clarify standards for state legislative redistricting. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on September 02, 2012: Thank you for stopping by Jen. Getting rid of gerrymandering and getting rid of the Electoral College seems to me to be two things that would benefit all voters equally, regardless of Party. Specifically, reapportionment and redistricting play roles in shaping the House of Representatives, where representation is … every 10 years The practice of redrawing electoral boundaries for political advantage is known as Legislative apportionment, also called legislative delimitation, process by which representation is distributed among the constituencies of a representative assembly.This use of the term apportionment is limited almost exclusively to the United States.In most other countries, particularly the United Kingdom and the countries of the British Commonwealth, the term delimitation is used. They have a lot of leverage over him too, because they'll start with his youngest grandchild and work their way up to him last if he doesn't do as he's told. It's usually the incumbent's party that orchestrated the gerrymandering in the first place, for the protection of the Party first and foremost, and doing that by protecting their candidates and office holders. By law, the Census Bureau must send the 2020 population figures to the president by Dec. 31, 2020, for the reapportionment of U.S. House seats. No, Russia isn't the only country that plays dirty pool this way. 0 0. • How long are the terms of House members? One can only hope that something can eventually be done about gerrymandering and make the voting process fairer. Since it is true that a state’s district lines impact the results of national elections, it is also true that district boundaries in every state affect every citizen of this country. The apportionment population count for each of the 50 states includes the state’s total resident population (citizens and non-citizens) plus a count of the overseas federal employees (and dependents) who have that state listed as their home state in their employers’ administrative records. They are only too ready to believe anything negative about someone they have already decided to hate. When district boundaries are redrawn, the party a particular district has consistently favored will attempt to keep that district as much in tact as possible, adding only a small percentage of new people to that district if need be, in order to keep the votes of people added to that district watered down, so to speak. Gerrymandering is one of the main reasons some people stay in office for so long. People who favor term limits really need to understand this so that they understand why some people manage to stay in office for such a long time. Gerrymanderig not only makes it hard to unseat a particular office holder, but also the Party they belong too. 2. As stated in the text, the districts for the state of Texas have not yet been drawn for 2012 because the U.S. Supreme Court has not yet ruled. I understand the importance of having districts, but I strongly dislike those districts being drawn along political lines. That said, I've never been able to understand all the different district numbers we have to keep track of. It does matter where the boundaries of districts within each state are drawn. • How often does reapportionment occur? Divide and conquor. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on June 28, 2018: Liz Elias, thank you for sharing your views. In the House, federal law requires that there is always a total of … Rarely does gerrymandering go the way it did in California in 2001, but it usually does favor the majority party -- the party in power, whether that is the Republicans or the Democrats. moonlake from America on December 03, 2013: Interesting and many things I knew nothing about. In most states the legislature has the last word in where district boundaries are drawn. Agree that we need a different and better system than gerrymandering so that everyone's vote, regardless of party, really does count. How often does congressional reapportionment occur in the US. until the next 2-year election for the House (e.g. B.Every four years. In the last census, Texas gained 4 million new citizens, mostly minorities that generally vote Democratic. So learn about gerrymandering folks and have a little more control. Liz Elias from Oakley, CA on June 17, 2018: Very interesting. Deborah-Diane from Orange County, California on June 15, 2013: Fascinating article about gerrymandering and reapportionment. Telephone surveys are fairly expensive so that whoever funds them is likely to keep every piece of information gleaned from them in a file somewhere. It need not be a full 60%. To learn how the 435 representatives are apportioned (divided) to all of the states fairly, click here. I am including photos of maps from a few states showing district boundaries so that you can see how convoluted some districts are drawn in order to make them advantages to the politicians in that district. If it did not matter where the district boundaries are drawn, there would be no such thing as gerrymandering. The more people a member of the House represents, the less accessible s/he becomes to his or her constituents. If they could be drawn by a non-partison committee (good luck with that eh?) This was a very educational hub and I can see it being used in high school civics. Apportionment is a fundamental reason for the census. The God of Heaven wants our love, but if not freely given, it isn't truly love. If you read my article/hub on the Census, you will see that as a result of the 2010 Census, 10 states will gain more members in the House of Representatives in Washington D.C., and 12 states have lost House members. If the majority party holds only a small majority (51% or slightly more), that can give the minority party the opportunity to flummox any plans of patronizing the districts within that particular state. Strangely, sometimes the winner of the election has less to do with how things continue than the mechanics of the process itself. Should be a way to draw them out of their seats. I'm in no way defending the USSR, but the USA has a long history of interfering in other country's elections and politics. Sometimes it is possible for the minority party to block efforts on the part of the majority party to redraw district boundaries entirely to their own advantage. One of the fundamental reasons for conducting the decennial census of population is to reapportion the U.S. House of Representatives. In 2000, the parties in power were divided almost evenly in California, including Independents. As Aaron Blake, writing for the Washington Post points out, “The problem for Texas Republicans . and not changed every 10 years, that might be a good start in making the entire process fairer to everyone. How much power is consumed by a 12-V incandescent lamp if it draws 150mA of current when lit? Believe it was in June 2019 that the Supreme Court ruled that it had no authority to intervene regarding gerrymandering and how the majority Party had control and made decisions that could keep said Party in office possibly indefinitely. It's all done with social networks and computers and most of the time targeted people or groups never even realize they are being manipulated. Gerrymandering also means redrawing district boundaries, but it includes a lot of politics in the process. In CA, for example, we live in CA Assembly district 11, but in state senate district 7. Even though in this case it was for their own individual benefit and not the voters’ benefit. In Reynolds v. Sims, the court ruled that "the Equal Protection Clause [of the United States … C E Clark (author) from North Texas on August 29, 2012: Thank you for reading and commenting on my hub, Aunt Jimi! on August 28, 2012: Good explanation Au Fait. Generally gerrymandering is done only once every 10 years, but Texas has been in the middle of a gerrymandering problem for almost that long and will probably not have it settled in time to redraw district lines before the presidential election this November. Getting rid of the Electoral College relates only to the presidency. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on January 31, 2013: Thank you for stopping by Shyron. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Unfortunately we will never get rid of districts because they will always be necessary for making sure there are enough representatives for every so many people. While both political parties deny that they gerrymander, it does tend to happen; and after every redistricting effort, the courts hear numerous cases of alleged gerrymandering. How they differ is in what, exactly, that they divide. The Electoral College needs to become a piece of history too, for the same reason. Most of the time when we monitor elections in other countries, maybe all of the time, it is because we have been invited to do so. The state of Texas is dominated by Republicans. They do that by making certain that the majority of voters in each district have a strong history of voting for members of their political party. The sad part is we can be 'gerrymandered' and never know it! Why does the US House have to be redistricted? The current membership of the House of Representatives was set at 435 by the Reapportionment Act of 1929, which established a permanent method for apportioning a constant number of seats according to each decennial census. By its definition, gerrymandering is manipulating district boundaries for political gain of one political party or another. • What percent of bills and proposals that make it into committee make it onto the floor? Where the boundaries of a district are drawn plays a big part in determining which political party is likely to prevail in every election, especially statewide and nationwide elections. Lots of people have made suggestions about how gerrymandering could be avoided and some states are taking steps to improve the practice to benefit the voters of their states more, but for now things are as described here. The opposition party will make every effort to divide that district, splitting portions of it up between other districts that have a history of consistently voting for the opposition party. 2 Therefore, the number of congressional seats each state gets is based on its population relative to the others nationwide because 435 is a fixed number. Even people here in the U.S. who are affected by gerrymandering often do not understand it, which is why I've tried to explain it here. What Does soy sauce dissolved on vinegar? Once the boundary lines of districts are drawn, they are presented for vote in their state’s legislature like any other bill. Russia is just as skilled at putting people of their choice into office here in the states, and in any other country they wish, as the U.S. is at putting whomever the powers that be in this country want to put in office in other countries. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on January 03, 2014: Deborah-Diane, thank you for helping to educate people about this important subject. I am passing this on because, with a major election year coming up, people need to understand why bad politicians keep getting elected. All Rights Reserved. The evil orange menace IS Hitler 2.0! Most people look out for themselves first, and it is in the interest of politicians to know where their advantages lie. Agree that the politicians, and especially the political parties have the upper hand in so many ways that ordinary people often can't win. Will re-read first chance I get. I have bookmarked it for further perusal. How do they do that? Especially within the state. A congressional act passed in 1967 requires that representatives be elected from single-member districts, except when a state has a single representative, in which case one state-wide at-large election be held. What is the MOOD in the story of The Aged Mother? What are the 3 words to describe the Grinch? a. every 10 years b. every 5 years c. every 15 years d. every 20 years 4. . The United States Constitution is silent on the issue of state legislative redistricting. • Who are the leaders of the House? States that are apportioned more than one seat in the United States House of Representatives will also draw new districts for that legislative body.. How long will the footprints on the moon last? I'm not aware of that situation here in Texas, but maybe we have all those different districts too? It was mutually decided that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved. Take care! C E Clark (author) from North Texas on August 12, 2012: Yes, more people should understand what gerrymandering is and how it works. Currently the total number of House of Representatives members is 435. The reason Texas and other Southern states must get approval from Washing D.C. for their redistricting maps is because of their history of voting discrimination. Redistricting in the United States is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries. Currently, Texas is in the midst of a redistricting war of sorts. So voting districts are treated the same way. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on August 24, 2018: Peggy Woods, thank you for commenting on this article. Personally, I think some fresh minds and ideas are a good thing every few years. People like Mitch McConnell and Dianne Feinstein (and many others) stay in office, or conceivably could, until they literally die as a result of gerrymandering. 1 decade ago. It was necessary to create 4 new districts to accommodate them. There are advantages to constituents in keeping the same people in a particular office for decades and there are also disadvantages. . I guess those aren't numbered! All citizens need to read and understand this better. Redistricting is based on the reapportionment from the census. The United States Constitution is silent on the issue of state legislative redistricting. I don't understand how anyone who believes in any peaceful religion can rationalize violence and why they think forced love is real love? Districts are still necessary for assigning members of the House, county governments, distribution of school funding and many more things. Some states forbid state officials from participating in the redrawing while other states allow it. It doesn't necessarily have anything to do with their popularity. They will not ask for your name, but they already have your phone number. a. In the mid-1960s, the United States Supreme Court issued a series of rulings in an effort to clarify standards for state legislative redistricting. States gaining population are most likely to gain House seats while states with stable or … So glad your home and hope every day is better than the one before! Liz Elias from Oakley, CA on June 23, 2018: Sickening, isn't it! I never thought I'd see such a day in my wildest nightmares! I understand very well how gerrymandering gets used to unfairly help certain politicians gain or keep seats, and it galls me no end. • … Under the Huntington-Hill method used to apportion congressional seats , North Carolina’s 14 th District would be the 433 rd seat apportioned based on the 2014 population estimates. Republicans water down the Democratic votes any more and it'll be just like Campbell's chicken soup. First, new districts must be drawn when a state gains or loses congressional districts as a result of the apportionment of congressional districts to the states. Reapportionment is the process of adjusting how many of those 435 seats each state should get, depending on how the country’s population has changed since the last census. Each State is entitled to at least one representative, and the remaining members are apportioned among the States in accordance with their respective populations, which are determined by a census that the Constitution requires be taken every ten years. The 2020 United States redistricting cycle will take place following the completion of the 2020 United States Census.In all fifty states, various bodies will re-draw state legislative districts. Reapportionment and redistricting are both important in the choosing of congressional representatives. Only the majority party can succeed with this plan, and as I explained earlier, both major U.S. parties take advantage of this current process when they can. It's very confusing. Even the number of school board members in each community may also need to be adjusted. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on June 16, 2013: Thank you Deborah-Diane for commenting on this hub! The tamering with elections nowadays doesn't require a physical presence. The filibuster has been used many times in the history of this country as well as by individual state legislatures to prevent passage of bills on all kinds of things. In the United States, the House of Representatives is reapportioned once every 10 years following the census. If you would like more information about how specific states do redistricting, click here. C E Clark (author) from North Texas on October 08, 2013: Thank you DDE for stopping by and trying to make sense of this article -- also for the up votes. These are the reasons why redistricting must occur. Part of the powoer the USSR has over Trump is all the money he owes them. Forcing others to believe and to worship any God makes no sense. Even when politicians do not participate directly in the redrawing of district boundaries, they do have the ability to vote against proposals they object to. How does reapportionment happen? Deborah-Diane from Orange County, California on January 01, 2014: This is the best explanation of gerrymandering I have ever read. Once a party is in power, especially if they are in power right after a new census has been completed, that party will do everything to assure that the new district boundaries in their state will favor their own reelection as well the election of other politicians of their party. Trying to force Sharia law is just as wrong as trying to force Christianity onto everyone. Great job on the hub. Mary Craig from New York on August 04, 2012: Funny how the video used buffalo, jackalope and WEASEL! That doesn't seem right to me. Who cares about facts anyway? Each member of the House represents a certain number of people. It could be less depending on the circumstances at the time. Also Pinning and sharing on Facebook. The two parties resolved their dilemma by working together to all but guarantee each of them would be reelected in several elections to come. Never mind that the facts are in complete opposition to the lies and the hatred. I very much appreciate your time and your views. C. E. Clark has been a student of how U.S. government works since she was just 13 years old,, and a political junkie for more than 35 years. The audience of these stories are already primed and ready to eat up the lies because they love to hate certain people. They know exactly how to manipulate people, and they tailor the manipulation to the person.It doesn't take much effort to convince people who already hate somebody "just cuz" to hate them even more by planting stories that are lies from start to finish. Thank you Bill Holland for such high praise, and for reading and commenting on my hub. For example, if the majority party holds or controls 60% or more of the seats in the state legislature and Congressional seats, it is all but assured that that party will control where new district boundaries are drawn. 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