Billecocq, Jean Baptiste Louis Joseph (1765-1829) Vincent, William (1739-1815) Date: 1799. His celebrated voyage from what is now Pakistan to Susa after Alexander's expedition in north-western Indian subcontinent is preserved in Arrian's account, the Indica. ), conquered the Greek city-states with the aim of uniting all of Greece and going on to subdue the dying empire of the Persians. Some fo the best landscapes I have seen. Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. Nearchus embarked on his expedition in 325, when Alexander descended the Indus River to the sea. Nearchus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia (336–323 bce), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms. You do not currently have access to this article, Access to the full content requires a subscription. Much more can be said about an undated inscription from Delphi (Syll.3266), which lists the honours awarded to ‘Nearchus the Cretan son of Androtimos’: an earlier date (between 336 and 334 BC) is favoured by B., who argues that the Delphians expres sed their gratitude to Alexander, who was to succeed Philip shortly afterwards, by conferring honours to one of his friends. Even today the hospitality of the Cretans is more than a ritual. ): in conquering his vast Greco-Macedonian empire, Alexander relied on land troops, using his navy almost solely for transport. Nearchus -approximately 312 B.C. Crete is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean and the largest of the islands forming part of modern Greece. Updates? Crete is the largest island in Greece, and the fifth largest one in the Mediterranean Sea. 3. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.4361. Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. Works: 45 works in 76 publications in 6 languages and 699 library holdings Genres: History Roles: Performer: Classifications: G159, 910.4: Publication Timeline. He chronicled the journey in a detailed narrative, a full abstract of which is included in Arrian’s Indica (2nd century ad). Nearchus (nēär`kəs), fl. Youth and Kingship. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Nearchus (Greek Νέαρχος, Nearchos; c. 360 – 300 BC) was one of the officers, a navarch, in the army of Alexander the Great. Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period ), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. 6. More. Crete is a city in Saline County, Nebraska, United States. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b.Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great or Alexander III, 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for 160 miles (260 km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from 7.5 to 37 miles (12 to 60 km). 14,345 reviews. Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. ), who came from Crete, is inexorably tied with that of his friend and leader, Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.) The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a … Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. Nearchus was born in Lato, Crete, Ancient Greece in 360 BC, and his family settled in Amphipolis, Macedonia shortly after Philip II of Macedon's conquest of the city in 357 BC. 312 B.C. Nearchus (360-300 BC) was a Macedonian admiral in the service of Alexander the Great.He was the first Greek to visit Bahrain, doing so during a famed voyage from the Indus River to the Persian Gulf.. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. A native of Lato in Crete, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II’s reign, at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. Elafonissi Beach. Totally away from all the crowds, this area is very dry, the vegetation low. (nēär`kəs), fl. Here, you can admire the remnants of brilliant civilizations, explore glorious beaches, impressive mountainscapes, fertile valleys and steep gorges, and become part of the island’s rich gastronomic culture. We don’t know where the exiles went, but they were recalled only after Philip’s death, on Alexander’s accession. There are no buses to Lato. Already in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the hero of a full-scale…. Crete is the birthplace of Zeus, the ruler of the gods, people and hospitality. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was o… Nearchus, an admiral under Alexander the Great, is believed to hail from Lato, whose name derives from the goddess Leto. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great. I drove all around Crete and this was one of my favorite parts of the drive (by the way, see my guide on driving in Crete). He shared his exile with Ptolemy, Harpalus, Erigyiusand Laomedon. The first European civilization, the Minoan, emerged here between 2800 BC and 1400 BC. Alexander's father, Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 b.c. 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Mirabello area has activity on the site continued throughout the Minoan Bronze Age and the Classical Greek and Roman periods, spanning a total of up to 4,000 years. Nearchus , , 360 - 300 Admiral of Alexander the Great, famous for his exploration of the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He was almost certainly older than Alexander, as were Ptolemy, Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born in Crete. Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. In 325 BC, Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. The nearest stop is in Kritsa, from where it's a 3km walk north. Definition of nearchus in the Definitions.net dictionary. "... places to visit on the … The career of Nearchus (360-312 b.c. Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. 312 B.C. Lakkis Koukoutsakis, a tour guide and restaurant owner in Azogires, a placid hamlet 7km north of Paleohora, sums it up: ‘among us here live about 13 Cretans, eight Greeks, two English and one Dutch’, he quips. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. The site is off the Kritsa–Lakonion Rd. It is likely that if he did serve on a ship, this must have happened before the time he joined the forces of Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c. #1 of 691 Outdoor Activities in Crete. A native of Lato in Crete and son of Androtimus, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II's reign (we must assume after Philip took the city in 357 BC), at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. Nearchus was put in command. Corrections? Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was one of Alexander’s ‘mentors’ – as Heckel explains it, “older advisers of the Prince” – and he was exiled by Philip as a result of the Pixodarus affair (Arr 3.6.5; Pl Alex 10.4). Dr. A. G. Keen has suggested that the borders of Lycia as outlined in Ps.-Skylax, where the eastern border runs between Perge and Aspendos and the western border includes Telmessos, may reflect the extent of Nearchus' command at this time (edd. Omissions? The population was 6,028 at the 2000 census. Crete is located at 40°37′29″N 96°57′33″W / 40.62472°N 96.95917°W / 40.62472; -96.95917 (40.624790, -96.959178). At some point in around 337, probably as a result of the Pixodarus affair, Nearchus was banished by Philip. Youth and Kingship The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ... Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born on Crete. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.1 km²), all of it land. What does nearchus mean? You drive with views of the Xerokambos gorge all the way to the beach where there are hardly any buildings. Meaning of nearchus. Biography. The extant citations refer to events in India and to Nearchus' own voyage in the southern Ocean. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). 6. About two hours by car from Heraklion, this charming historic city has a local population of … Nearchus of Crete -approximately 312 B.C. Nearchus . https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nearchus, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Nearchus. τή, calls him a native of Lete in Macedonia, but this is certainly a mistake. Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander(3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander (3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce ); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Nearchus, admiral of Alexander the Great, was born at Lato. It is likely that they remained in exile until afte… Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. Still, we find Cretans everywhere: Philip (r.360-336) and Alexander (r.336-323) of Macedonia employed archers from Crete and Alexander's admiral was a Cretan named Nearchus. Valuable detail is preserved, and there are traces of a critical attitude to Alexander (his account of the transit of Gedrosia is a catalogue of horrors); but there is much fantasy and his own importance is systematically exaggerated. Legend has it that Leto's union with Zeus produced Artemis and Apollo. Nearchus was unable to play any significant role in the struggles following Alexander’s death (323); the statement of a late source that he recovered his former satrapies is doubtful. Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). Nearchus apparently came from Crete, and at some point in his career gained naval experience. Nearchus Label from public data source Wikidata; Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. 324 BC, Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great. His memoirs of Alexander's campaign were popular, used in extenso by *Strabo and *Arrian, but their title, economy, and dimensions are hard to fathom. NOW 50% OFF! Earlier Established Forms Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Crete's second largest city is also known as it's most charming. Crete is big enough to be its own country, and its people love distinguishing themselves from other Greeks. of Crete VIAF ID: 52502139 (Personal) The history of Crete goes back to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than four millennia. Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc ), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. #145 of 304 Nature & Parks in Crete "The bird life, alpine flowers, and butterflies are abundant, and a real pleasure for me was the hike across three good-sized snow fields on the route to the top." 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