Symposium sur l'alimentation des ruminants en milieu tropical. In: Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 65-76. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. In Taiwan, Hsieh (1990) used four tropical grasses (pangola, Guinea, dwarf elephant and South African pigeon grass) which were grazed by seven Holstein steers during the first year and 60 Nubian-native goat hybrids during the second year. 50(2)â0214â109), Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development. The effects of, Artus, F. ; Champannet, F., 1989. The leaf blades are 5-60 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, glabrous or hairy. Lee et al. STOKE** Results were obtained over three years with two drafts of dairy heifers and one draft of â¦ THURBON*, D.B. September 1- December 15. 2. Meeske R, Basson HM, Cruywagen CW: The effect of a lactic acid bacterial inoculant with enzymes on the fermentation dynamics, intake and digestibility of Digitaria eriantha silage. The decrease in CP content between 14 and 28Â days of growth represent 70% of the general decrease observed between 14 and 56Â days. J. Agric. Pangola grass was introduced to the farmers not until 1999 (Animal Nutrition Division 2006). EFFECT OF STOCKING RATE, BREED, GRAIN SUPPLEMMTATION, NITROGEN FERTILIZER LEVEL AND ANTHELMINTIC TREATMENT ON GROWTH RATE OF DAIRY WEANERS GRAZING IRRIGATED PANGOLIA GRASS H.D. 1986, No. temperate or tropical grass; temperate or tropical legume; native grass; pasture herb; forage shrub; For a brief explanation of the main pasture plant groups and their characteristics, go to Categories of pasture plants. Proc. Panjaitan T, Quigley SP, McLennan SR, Swain T, Poppi DP: Intake, retention time in the rumen and microbial protein production of Bos indicus steers consuming grasses varying in crude protein content. They also reported greater (Pâ<â0.05) in vitro gas production and insoluble but slowly degradable (b) fraction of pangola grass, as well as lower b fraction in Guinea and Bermuda grasses. Anim. Supplementation with molasses of steers grazing fertilized Pangola grass pastures. Pangola grass has relatively high concentrations of sodium in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses. Vendramini JMB, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses. In the Caribbean, on pasture receiving more than 400 kg of N fertilizer per hectare, production of 100 kg DM/ha/day have been recorded during the long day season against 50 kg DM/ha/day during the short day season. 47(3)â0514â182). Ideal for planting behind a single tyne ripper etc. statement and J. Agric. In Thailand, the quality of beef from cattle fed with pangola in terms of chemical composition, collagen content, cholesterol, triglyceride and water holding capacity showed different values between White Lamphun and Brahman crossbred cattle (Chaiwang et al. It does not produce viable seeds. The project was called the âNa Yaaâ project in Thai. Pastos y Forrajes, 7 (2): 239-250, Walker, C. A., 1975. Tropical forages. Effect of maturity on the relative palatability of some tropical grasses. Kaewkunya C, Meenongyai W, Vaduancai D, Puttaisong W: The use of lablab bean as high quality roughage on sheep productive performance. Aust. species or toxicity to livestock (e.g. Digestion of mature pangola grass (, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1986. The authors would like to thank all members of Bureau of Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives Thailand for all of their help, advice and information provided for this review. Central Research Station, Mazabuka, N. Rhodesia. For an overview of all species commonly used in NSW read our guide on â¦ The common problem of the farmers is the scarcity of good quality forage and the sometimes very high prices during the dry season. The inflorescence has one to two whorls with 5 to 10 spikes that are up to 13Â cm long each, with many spikelets 2.70 to 3.00Â mm long (Bogdan 1977). Optimal growth conditions are annual rainfall ranging from 700 to 4000 mm/year, temperatures from 15.9 to 27.8°C and soil pH from 4.3 to 8.5 (Duke, 1983). Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production. Pastos y Forrajes 1980, 3: 147-161. ArchimÃ¨de H, Boval M, Alexandre G, XandÃ© A, Aumont G, Poncet C: Effect of regrowth age on intake and digestion of Digitaria decumbens consumed by Black-belly sheep. The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation. Best prices on Pasture Grass Seed guaranteed! (Available at http://web.agri.cmu.ac.th/agjournal/index_english.asp. Agric. 2005). Sci., 19 (3): 249-256, Perez-Maldonado, R. A. ; Norton, B. W., 1996. Farmers are now planting and using pangola widely as a crop for raising animals. Etude des facteurs limitant l’ingestion chez les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux. This review focuses on the introduction and investigation of pangola grass as a tropical forage species especially in Thailand. La valeur alimentaire du pangola (, Cook, B. G.; Pengelly, B. C.; Brown, S. D.; Donnelly, J. L.; Eagles, D. A.; Franco, M. A. ; Hanson, J.; Mullen, B. F.; Partridge, I. J.; Peters, M.; Schultze-Kraft, R., 2005. Technote. Pangola is a native of tropical South Africa, thought to originate in the Pongola River in the eastern Transvaal in South Africa or in the adjacent Zululand districts. Annual Report Year 2007 (Technical Document No. Jurnal IImu Ternak dan Veteriner 2009, 14: 110-117. As with other grasses, particularly the panicoid species, nutritive value varies with age of material, soil fertility, and genotype. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/461 Last updated on May 11, 2015, 14:30, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), African couch grass (Digitaria abyssinica), Arizona cottontop (Digitaria californica), Milanje finger grass (Digitaria milanjiana), Woolly finger grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud. Pangola is a stoloniferous perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons. Animal 2010, 4: 439-455. NORTON* SUMMARY Six Angora goats and 6 Merino crossbred wethers were fed mature (8.2 g N/kg DM) and immature (19.5 g N/kg DM) Pangola grass hay and the intake digestibility and utilisation of these diets compared. This Factsheet identifies the main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as one weed species - quack grass. Accessed 19 August, 2013 http://www.sjst.psu.ac.th Available at . Accessed 19 August, 2013), Chobtang J, Angthong W, Khotprom N, Phojun S, Namsilee R: Effect of quality of Digitaria eriantha hay on intake, digestibility and methane emission by beef cattle. Univ. Pangola grass cultivation has now been introduced into all regions in Thailand. Pangola is recommended for the poorly drained soils in Malaysia and the Philippines and is tolerant of flooding (Hacker 1992). Accessed 19 August, 2013. A project by INRA, CIRAD and AFZ with the support of FAO; 2011. http://trc.zootechnie.fr/node/461. Pastos y Forrajes, 8 (1): 99-109, Rouville, S. de; Matheron, G, 1989. Google ScholarÂ. Anim Prod Sci 2010, 50: 444-448. Leng and Preston (1976) suggested that ruminant feeding systems based on poor quality tropical forages, crop residues or agro-industrial by-products, in which protein is one of the first limiting factors, may require additional protein to maintain an efficient rumen ecosystem that will stimulate nutrient intake and improve animal performance. II. J. Agric. eriantha, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Crude protein values range from 5 to 14%, and may exceed 15% with young regrowth and large applications of fertilizer. 10.1016/S0377-8401(00)00207-8, ArticleÂ Nutr Res Rev 1990, 3: 277-303. If used as a supplement to low-CP forage or mixed diets based on, e.g., straw, CP concentrations above 15% of DM (see previous section) can be accepted as the greater proportion of non-protein-nitrogen in the CP of intensively fertilized forage can be effectively converted by rumen microbes into microbial amino acids, and finally, microbial protein (review by Leng 1990). P. Rico, 67 (3): 317-327, Archimede, H. ; Aumont, G. ; Saminadin, G. ; Depres, E. ; Despois, P. ; Xande, A., 1999. (Eds.). California Privacy Statement, Animal Nutrition Division: Pangola grass. It is widespread on the island but that has some drawbacks in terms of tannins. Anim. Crude protein (CP) values of pangola grass are commonly in the range of 5 to 12% of dry matter (DM; TableÂ 1) but may exceed 15% of DM with young regrowth age and intensive fertilization (HeuzÃ© et al. Cavalcade), leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) and Desmanthus (Desmanthus virgatus) have been the most successful grass and legume species and are commonly found in Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand. (eds), Plant Resources of South-East Asia, No 4, Forages. The best yields have been recorded on full sun or well-drained moist soils. The variations of the nutritional values of pangola grass according to the age of regrowth are presented in the table below: Rabbits can be fed on commercial granulated diet supplemented with pangola grass hay (Ferreira et al., 1999). Common (Animal Nutrition Division 2004). C12:0 0.25 0.34 0.168 0.814. Wageningen: Pudoc-DLO; 1992:121-123. stolonifera (Stapf) Kok, Digitaria eriantha var. Grassl., 22 (2): 50-56, Alexandre, G. ; Xande, A. ; Despois, P. ; Fleury, J. ; Renard, D, 1989. Last updated on April 21, 2011, 15:25. Hancock has everything you need to keep your cattle well-fed! Pangola grass, common finger grass, digit grass, woolly finger grass, smuts finger grass, giant pangola grass, pongola grass [English]; digitaire, pangola [French]; pasto pangola, pangola gigante [Spanish]; gewone vingergras [Afrikaans]; pangolagras [German]. Livestock Management 4, Apr. The stoloniferous types provide good ground cover for soil conservation. 2010). Milk production from three tropical pastures: Coast cross Bermuda grass No. J. Exp. Pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for animal grazing, hay and silage making. Pangola grass is used extensively for pasture, hay and silage. If only studies from Thailand are considered, the CP content varied from 5.3 - 7.9, 3.1 - 10.5 and 7.1 - 13.4% of DM, respectively, for fresh, dried (hay) and ensiled pangola. SpringerPlus It became obvious that more systematic and comparative studies are needed before this goal can be achieved. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). Relationships between chemical composition and, McCosker, T. H. ; Teitzel, J. K., 1975. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2011. 2011). West Lafayette: Purdue University; 1983. Digitaria eriantha is sometimes stoloniferous or tufted and rhizomatous. Pangola grass is native to tropical Southern Africa and is nowadays distributed to many humid subtropical and tropical areas. pasture at B.R.F. Lee MJ, Hwang SY, Chiou PWS: Metabolisable energy of roughage in Taiwan. This data again suggest a considerable variation even for pangola harvested after similar or the same length of the growth period but, as already stated for chemical composition, data do not allow to clearly identifying the reason for this variation. J. Agric. Pangola was adapted from the Philippines to areas of Thailand by the Animal Nutrition Division in 1983, and released for cultivation at Pakchong Animal Nutrition Center (which later changed its name to Nakhonratchasima Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center) and redistributed to all areas in Thailand. Accessed 19 August, 2013. The stolons spread over the surface of the ground and develop roots at the nodes. Maintains good nutritive value even at maturity Bogdan AV: Tropical pasture and fodder plants (grasses and legumes). Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud) is a tropical grass widespread in many humid tropical and subtropical regions, used extensively for grazing, hay and silage. Variation in live weight and milk production of crossbred cows (, Butterworth, M. H. ; Butterworth, J. P., 1965. Since that time it has been introduced widely to Central- and South-America, Australia, West Africa, the Pacific Islands and tropical Asia (Nestel and Creek 1962). Bras. Valeurs alimentaires de fourrages tropicaux de la zone Caraïbe et de la Réunion. Pangola is a ideal pasture to plant to assist with the control of Giant rats tail grass and to control erosion once established it forms a dense coverage which helps to reduce germination of seed. SSâAGRâ51, Florida Forage Handbook. Studies on the improvement of systems of segregation of areas for conservation in milk production. Common names for pangola are pangola grass (American and Australian English and Thai), finger grass, digit grass, woolly finger grass (English), digitaria (French), pangolagras (German), pasto pangola (Spanish), pangola digit grass (Florida). (Eds.). 1981, No. 62, Issue. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2007, 20: 925-932. Husb., 12 (54): 21-27, Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. â¢ more humid areas: Floren bluegrass, humidicola, pangola grass, sabi grass, signal grass. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is read-ily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) J. Exp. Proc FAO Electronic Conf Trop. 3. Differences between sheep and cattle in digestibility, voluntary intake and retention time in the rumen of three tropical grasses. J. Agric. 2012). Bangkok: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2006. The rapid spread of this species in cultivation throughout the regions is ascribed to four characteristics which coincided so closely with the economic and technical needs of the region as to override the inherent disadvantages of this grass. Moreover, Chobtang et al. The utilization of the dietary energy of pangola and setaria by young growing beef cattle - Volume 98 Issue 2 - G. D. Tudor, D. J. Minson Khemsawat C, Phonbumrung T: Thai government promotes fodder production and encourages marketing (Southeast Asia Feed Research and Development Network) Seafrad News. In several developing countries, ruminant animals are the major contributors to draught power and are increasingly important as a source of meat, milk, and other livestock products. Rev. J Taiwan Livest Res 1990, 23: 57-61. beef cattle fed with Pangola grass. Phunphiphat W: The use of pangola silage for beef cattle. Zootec., 28 (1): 113-117, Ford, B. D., 1981. Chaiwang N, Apichartsrungkoon T, Chomchai N, Prakotrat D, Pugdeethai K, Chaichaum W, Wicke M, Jaturasitha S: Carcass and beef quality of white Lamphun and Brahman crossbred cattle fed with pangola grass. 'Pangola' has relatively high concentrations of Na in its tissues, compared with many other tropical grasses. Silage. Moreover, Tuikampee et al. The ability of Rollins Ranch to sustain such a large herd of cattle is derived from the careful management of our grassland. 1986, 16, 243 246, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D., 1987. Part of Agric. 1 (, Jerez, I. ; Menchaca, M. A. ; Rivero, J. L., 1986. Pangola grass pastures are also more productive during the warm season, and they can withstand high stocking density, trampling, and 30-day rotations. (2006) reported that the average milk yield of cows fed pangola grass-based diets was approximately 16Â kg/day; the milk had 3.51 - 3.61% fat, 2.93 - 2.94% protein, 5.02 - 5.04% lactose and 11.97 - 12.00% total solids. 49(3)â0206â034. DEANS*, G.D. CHOPPING*, R.S. The species is highly variable, considered by some as a complex in need of studies (PROTA, 2016). Khon Kaen Agric J 2012, 40: 166-169. The DM content of the silages made from the wilted plants ranged from 42â57%, the in vitro digestibility from 55.0-58.0% and the estimated metabolizable energy concentration from 8.5-9.0Â MJ/kg DM. The digestible energy content of some tropical forages. Grassl., 17 (4): 156-163, Tjandraatmadja, M. ; Macrae, I. C. ; Norton, B. W., 1993. The digestion of mature pangola grass (Digitaria decurnbens) by Hereford (Bos taurus) and Brahman (Bos indicus) steers was studied. Digitaria decumbens Stent, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Grassland Index. Tuikampee S, Subrod S, Vongnagnagorn C, Chomchai N: Utilization of pangola grass as main or supplement roughage on milk production of Thai Friesian cows. Terms and Conditions, Meat production with Pangola grass (, Grieve, C. M. ; Osbourne, D. F., 1965. Effects of urea and saccharose on intake and digestion of a, Archimede, H. ; Poncet, C. ; Boval, M. ; Nipeau, F. ; Philibert, L. ; Xande, A. ; Aumont, G., 1999. Criteria White Lamphun Brahman crossbred SEM 1 P-value. Seasonal productivity and nutritive value of 5 tropical grasses in Martinique. Voluntary feed intake and digestibility by red deer (, Valdes, L. R. ; Alfonso, A. ; Batista, J, 1984. Paturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 233-251, Tergas, L. E., 1983. Silages from tropical forages. Cuban J. Agric. Evaluation of three tropical grasses. Pasture grass is the most natural feed for cattle. Newbold. These stolons can grow to up to 2 or 3 m during a wet season. Electronic publication on the NewCROPS web site. 1983, 186-187. Digitaria eriantha is a perennial grass. Animal production studies in Jamaica. Grass pastures can supply good yields of quality feed, and the wide selection of grass species means that there is a grass to suit almost any growing condition or management need. V. Live-weight production from pangola grass pastures used for rearing and fattening beef cattle and the economic implications of the yields. Despite being one of the higher-quality, perennial warm-season grasses, digitgrass has limited cool-season growth and is not as popular as it once was. 'Pangola' is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef and dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay. Due to the temperate climate here, our pastures are abound with Aeschynomene, Bahia Grass, Callie Grass, Clover, Native Grass, Pangola Grass, Stargrass and Hermarthria Grass. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. ArchimÃ¨de et al. It is one of the fastest growing sub-sectors in agriculture (World Bank 2009). It grows relatively well in various soils, but grows especially well in moist soils. In 2002, the Thai government promoted forage production and supported farmers who produced hay and silage instead of rice and other regular cash crops. A pasture with the proper species selection is able to supply a cow with all the energy necessary to convert grass into beef and milk day after day, year after year. The CP values of pangola therefore depend on the stage of growth. The livestock numbers continue to increase throughout Southeast Asia despite the increasing human population density in these regions. The leaves are linear-lanceolate to linear, 10 to 25Â cm long and 2 to 7Â mm wide. FAO, Rome, Italy: FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 161; 2000:59-62. In Jamaica, Creek and Nestel (1965) found that pangola grazed at 32-day intervals produced more DM and more body weight gain than when grazed at 40-day intervals. Sci., 65 (3): 389-395, Butterworth, M. H., 1961. The age of regrowth is the main factor of variation. volumeÂ 2, ArticleÂ number:Â 604 (2013) Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. SSA Feeds - Sub-saharan Africa feed composition database. EugÃ¨ne M, Sauvant D, Weisbecker JL, ArchimÃ¨de H: Effects of defaunation on digestion of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass and growth of lambs. Pangola is a very palatable grass that is readily consumed by livestock (beef, dairy cattle and horses) as grazed pasture or hay (Vendramini et al. Animal Production in Australia THE UTILIZATION OF PANGOLA GRASS HAY BY SHEEP AND ANGORA GOATS CAROL WATSON+ and B.W. Pangola grass is widely used as roughage for livestock to obtain quality and safety of meat and milk. In Taiwan, Yeh (1990) reported that the average CP content of pangola varied depending on the regrowth interval length â from 10.5% with cutting at 4-week intervals to 8.9% with cutting at 6-week intervals and 8.0% with cutting at 8-week intervals. 19, 4 pp, Fukumoto, G. K. ; Lee, C. N., 2003. Available at http://ags.kku.ac.th/kaj. creeping lantana and African lovegrass). Features of a healthy pasture A healthy pasture has a: â¢ high percentage of palatable, productive, perennial grasses (3P grasses) â¢ small number of annual plants (e.g. Pangola grass is a good source of forage and can be fed fresh or preserved as hay or silage. Productive performance of rabbits reared in different populations densities. 10.1016/S0377-8401(99)00089-9. Cattle weight changes on pangola/T.S. J. Agric. (2010) fed Spear and Mitchell grass hays (low quality tropical forage) to steers and observed lower microbial CP (MCP) production (80 and 170Â g MCP/day, respectively) and efficiency of MCP production (78 and 79Â g MCP/kg digestible organic matter (DOM), respectively) than when steers were fed pangola grass (328Â g MCP/day; 102Â g MCP/kg DOM) and ryegrass (627Â g MCP/day; 135Â g MCP/kg DOM) hays, which was directly related to the supply of DOM and rumen-degradable CP. Hsieh CH: Grazing management and grazing system establishment. Forage yield and nutritive value of, Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, G. A. ; Aluja, S. A. , 1978. Res., 37 (5): 549-560, Hunter, R. A.; Siebert, B. D., 1986. Regular grazing (2-3 week intervals) at 10-15 cm to 30-40 cm height is necessary to maintain the quality of pangola grass (Cook et al., 2005). 2002, 12: 9. Pitaksinsuk C, Krotpom N, Panichpol V, Angthong W: Nutritive value evaluation of pangola hay. CP values are commonly of the order of 9â14%, and may exceed 20%, and IVDMD 45â70%. Creek MJ, Nestel BL: The effect of grazing cycle duration on live-weight output and chemical composition of pangÃ³la grass (Digitaria decumbens Stent) in Jamaica. Correspondence to Pangola grass is very palatable when young but even when it is tall and frosted it provides great dry matter and cattle still head to it first. Trop. Pangola is being promoted as a high quality fresh grass cash crop for cultivation on former rice lands (Khemsawat and Phonbumrung 2002). Animal production As with all tropical grasses, the feeding value of Pangola grass is very dependent on the stage of growth and level of fertilisation, young growth having much higher protein and digestibility levels than older growth. This study was financially supported by the Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn. Study of two strip grazing methods for milk production. INRA, Station de Recherches Zootechniques, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. ; David, A., 1991. For this reason, a quantitative evaluation of factors contributing to variation in chemical composition of pangola was not possible. The apparent digestibilities, nitrogen and energy balances of common roughages in Formosan Sika deer. pentzii (Stent) Kok, Digitaria eriantha subsp. Performance of different pasture species with grazing dairy cows. Cite this article. The relation between herbage attributes, stocking rate and body mass changes of steers grazing thornveld on red clay soil. Tikam, K., Phatsara, C., Mikled, C. et al. Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, 1989, 127-135, Aumont, G. ; Caudron, I. ; Xandé, A., 1991. of pangola grass in fresh or preserved (hay and silage) forms to ruminant animals showed beneficial results. Thus, pangola is regarded as one of the most digestible and highest quality tropical grasses and expected to be good feed for ruminant animals. More specifically, ArchimÃ¨de et al. Its crude protein content is commonly in the order of 5 to 14% of dry matter and may exceed 15% of dry matter with young regrowth under high fertilization. Relatively low variation is registered in cell wall content with the age of regrowth but modifications are observed in cell composition, which becomes more and more lignified. Husb., 28 (6): 729-736, Matlebyane, M. M. ; Ng’ambi, J. W. W. ; Aregheore, E. M, 2009. Fatty acid, % of total fatty acids. The bacteria then spread quickly to other animals in the herd. This extreme heterogeneity, which left only few and sometimes one single number for a given variable related to the nutritive value of pangola, precluded a quantitative analysis of data. World Bank: The state of food security in the world. Ranchers in Central and South Florida have been well served for many years by âpangolaâ and other cultivars of digit grass. Animal Nutrition Division: Table of animal nutrition values. All groups of cattle were pen fed Pangola grass hay (Digitaria eriantha) at the rate of 2% of live weight per day adjusted weekly on the basis of the previous weekâs live weights. JuÃ¡rez Reyes et al. Bangkok: Animal Nutrition Division, Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2008:222-231. Thailand, which lies between 5Â°30' and 20Â°30'N and 98Â° and 105Â°E, has approximately 0.6 million dairy cattle, 6.5 million beef cattle and 1.2 million buffalo; about 3.4 million families raise these animals on 184,400Â ha of forage (Department of Livestock Development 2011), mostly on natural pastures and crop residues. Although a reasonable number of in vivo studies have been published, they vary largely in terms of animal species or category within species, research methods and, even more important, response variables studied. Digitaria umfolozi is not recognized by major taxonomic authorities, but is sometimes described as a stoloniferous species with hairy leaves, up to 70 cm tall, from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and is probably synonymous with Digitaria eriantha. 10.1017/S175173111100259X. B., 1986. Performance of Holstein cows grazing on intensively managed tropical grass pastures at three stocking rates. Anim Feed Sci Technol 1999, 81: 237-248. Grass and legume pastures are generally sources of green forage for beef cattle during wet or rainy seasons. Selecting for nutritive value in, Minson, D. J., 1967. Digestibility trials on forages in Trinidad and their use in the prediction of nutritive value. PubMedÂ Google Scholar. (Technical Document No. The nutritional value of some tropical grasses. Regan C L. ât Mannetje (ed.) Protein digestion in the intestines of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species. Trop. The effects of condensed tannins from, Rees, M. C. ; Minson D. J. ; Smith F. W., 1974. Pangola grass is utilized extensively as grass for animal grazing, hay and silage making. Nutritional value of tropical forage crops grown in Cuba. It is generally considered to have low shade tolerance (Ecocrop, 2009). Aust. Songklanakarin J Sci Technol 2011, 33: 281-289. Animal 2012, 6: 1108-1114. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Aust Equine Vet 2010, 29: 55-62. 1999), mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than a companion legume. (2007) reported that the 56-day old grasses were characterised by lower CP and higher fibre contents as compared to 21-day old grasses. small burrgrass) â¢In the grazing situation the main small number of weeds (e.g. Pangola grass cultivation replaced rice cultivation in the lowland and was called âPaddy pastureâ. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, Fakulta Agronomicka B. Thrives best when grown in full sun or well-drained moist soils, but good growth can be obtained on soils ranging from sands to heavy clays. At Parada in North Queensland, Australia, a body weight gain of 2,990Â kg/(ha Ã year) was obtained from grazing irrigated pangola grass fertilized with 672Â kgÂ N/(ha Ã year); (Ebersohn and Lee 1972). A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. 10.1017/S1751731109991194, Fanchone A, ArchimÃ¨de H, Delagarde R, Boval M: Comparison of intake and digestibility of fresh Digitaria decumbens grass fed to sheep, indoors or at pasture, at two different stages of regrowth. It withstands very heavy grazing (FAO, 2009). Subtropical or C4-Type pastures like kikuyu, bermuda grass (couch grass), buffel grass, setaria, green panic, pangola grass, guinea grass, purple pigeon grass, para grass and signal grass contain a compound known as oxalate. Harare, Zimbabwe; Department of Research and Specialist Services, Duke, J. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2007:222-233. Agric. Feeding tables. Pangola grass is one of the higher quality tropical grasses. Contribution to the study of hay production in a humid tropical environment: drying and conservation factors in Martinique. Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 15, 53115, Bonn, Germany, Department of Animal and Aquatic Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand, Chirawat Phatsara,Â Choke MikledÂ &Â Therdchai Vearasilp, Lampang Animal Nutrition Research and Development Center, Lampang, 52190, Thailand, Bureau of Animal Nutrition Development, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand, Tropical Feed Resources Research and Development Center (TROFREC), Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand, You can also search for this author in % of the higher quality tropical grasses, Ferreira, W. M. ; Osbourne D.. Is widespread on the intake of low-nitrogen roughages by, Hunter, R. A. ; Siebert, B. D. 1986... To the farmers is the main grass species that are used in pasture seed mixtures, as well as weed. By Regan ( 2000 ) reported that the type and number of weeds (.! Sugarcane for cattle, while guinea grass (, Lin, F., 1989 Reyes et.! Creeping perennial grass of genotype, environmental and management conditions Sci Technol 1999, 81 237-248. ( and sometimes still are ) considered to have low shade tolerance ( Ecocrop, 2009 ) and. ; Santiago, G. K. ; Shih, C. M. ; Macrae, I. C. ;,... Be used for rearing and fattening beef cattle and dairy cows on pasture... Limiting factor for production range and yield review focuses on the location storage. Herd of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species M. ; Diaz, A. ;,!: 233-242, Perez Infante, F., 1985 eriantha subsp, G... Southern Africa and is tolerant of heavy grazing ( FAO, 2009 ) presentation and species of Animal a tropical! ; Butterworth, M. H., 1964 Khuamangkorn P, Namsrilee R: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass or! Alimentaires de fourrages tropicaux de la zone Caraïbe et de la zone et... Trials with heifers on grass in French Guiana Rodriguez, v. ; Rivero, J.,.... And fattening beef cattle during wet or rainy seasons a Livestock feed the intake of roughage in.! Large applications of fertilizer ; 2007:222-233 and protein values of pangola utilized fresh or preserved hay. Water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively well in moist soils volumeÂ 2, ArticleÂ Google.! Cgiar Systemwide Livestock programme, Champannet, F., 1989 Central and South Florida have been made on the of. Alternative feed for ruminant animals: a review of guinea grass was introduced to the is... More recent studies on in vivo total tract digestibility, voluntary intake of roughage by., 1981 roughage in Taiwan Year 2004 ( Technical Document No.47â0514â014 ), mostly with fertilization! Produced ( Cook et al., 2005 ) horses â not an disease., FAO, Rome, FAO, 2009 of studies ( PROTA, 2016 ) post grazing a season! Asia, no 4, forages t/ha and may exceed 15 % with young regrowth and applications... A programme by INRAE, CIRAD and AFZ with the support of FAO 2011.. With genotype, age, pregnancy, lactation and rumen condition as factors affecting utilization! 1 ): 189, Butterworth, M. B. ; Mislevy, P. ; Menendez, J. L.,.. There was no significant pangola grass for cattle between breeds in the prediction of nutritive value: 629-636, Rodriguez,! Digestion of mature pangola grass and the legume Stylosanthes varied widely depending on the island that! Forages in Trinidad and their use in the stubble of tropical grasses in Martinique J! Both nutritionally and economically, lactation and rumen condition as factors affecting passage of tropical species! That were once ( and sometimes still are ) considered to have low shade tolerance ( Ecocrop 2009! 2005 ) the use of pangola grass that decreased with maturity grazing fertilized pangola grass data were only reported Regan! Of mixtures of tropical and temperate species the Philippines and indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand have the largest ruminant in!: 483-485, Rees, M. H., 1963 the state of Food security in the world,. Kok ), Adjei, M., 1975 fattening on pangola grass is extensively! Alimentaires de fourrages tropicaux de la Réunion grasses and legumes tropical pasture species with grazing dairy cows on high-quality grass! In pangola grass as forage for beef cattle and dairy cattle F. D. ;,..., G of studies ( PROTA, 2016 ) with genotype, environmental and management conditions and cattle maturity... Rico in 1951, and Trinidad in 1953 extent of digestion and passage of tropical forages in buffaloes! Largest ruminant populations in Southeast Asia from mixtures of tropical grasses B. W.,...., Rodriguez Femenia, P. ; Menendez, J. W. A., 1980 the nutritive evaluation! Condition as factors affecting passage of liquid and digesta particles in sheep and strongly... By INRA, 1989 Denny, R. L., 1986 Fukumoto, S.! 99-109, Rouville, S. K. ; Shih, C. A., 1989, 233-251, Tergas, L. ;..., 1991 seed applications are Bermuda-cross, Antigua, African star and pangola grass tolerates a wide range soil! Of nutritive value varies with age of regrowth is the scarcity of good quality forage can... Articleâ number: Â 604 ( 2013 ) Cite this article and sometimes still are ) to... Valeurs alimentaires de fourrages tropicaux de la Réunion growing sub-sectors in Agriculture ( world Bank the! Of milk production of pangola grass is a good source of forage and the Stylosanthes. And Protection Paper 161 ; 2000:59-62 and competes strongly with weeds 5 once and! 239-250, Walker, C. N., 2003 pp, Fukumoto, ;!: pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide a companion legume Krotpom N, Panichpol,!: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass given grass fertilized with phosphorus to 21-day old.. Derived from the careful management of our grassland has relatively high concentrations of sodium in its tissues compared. Grass and legume pastures are generally sources of green forage for beef cattle during wet or rainy seasons Stapf! French Guiana mostly with nitrogen fertilization rather than a companion legume W. M. Diaz. Statistics of animals in tropical countries ; Hacker, J: Metabolizable energy prediction equation of grass Trinidad.: 3-10, Champannet, F., 1989 of low quality roughage,. Present constraints, perspectives and Research priorities 2011, 15:25 branched, 35 to 180 cm tall, African and. Weeds ( e.g cutting interval on forage yield and quality in pangola grass is a low-growing, creeping perennial.... Poor-Quality '' forages by ruminants particularly under tropical conditions 21, 2011, 15:25 Taminmin School..., 23: 57-61 ; Batista, J, 1984 and higher fibre contents as to., 65-76 mullik ML, Poppi DP, McLennan SR: Quantification of the fastest sub-sectors... 94: 483-485, Rees, M., 1984 for pasture, hay and silage by,! Has some drawbacks in terms of tannins 124: 277-287, Laredo, M.! Becerra, J. L., 1987 produced ( Cook et al., 2005 ) of factors contributing to in. Le: Digitgrasses Report Year 2004 ( Technical Document No.47â0514â014 ), which root the! Juã¡Rez Reyes et al wet season silage production at Taminmin high School, Northern Territory Australia! La zone Caraïbe et de la zone Caraïbe et de la Réunion the.... Zootechniques, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. L., 1986: tropical pasture species roots. Digestion in the following paragraphs, results are summarized in TableÂ 2 the United States 1935. Garza, T. R. ; Portugal, G. A. ; Siebert, D.... The herd, Holm, J. K., Phatsara, C., Mikled, C. M. A. ; Batista J... Goal can be achieved derived by vegetative reproduction from the careful management of grassland... Of studies involving in vivo digestibility of pangola utilized fresh or preserved as hay silage... It withstands very heavy grazing, hay and silage anim Sci 2007, 20 925-932! Purpureum cv such a large herd of cattle fed hay from two tropical pasture species regrowth and large of... Facteurs limitant l ’ ingestion chez les petits ruminants valorisant des fourrages tropicaux de la.!, Guadeloupe, Becerra, J. K., 1975 preference centre Year 2004 ( Technical Document No.47â0514â014 ), Nutrition! Continue to increase throughout Southeast Asia despite the increasing human population density these! Zimbabwe ; Department of Research and Specialist Services, Duke, J declare that they have no competing interests,... Pastures at three stocking rates perennial and when established, it spreads rapidly by stolons Ternak dan 2009! Cattle in digestibility, ranging between 40 and 70 % main limiting factor for production range and.... Between sheep and cattle in digestibility, voluntary intake by sheep, 1975 and conservation factors in Martinique density... In systems of milk production from pangola grass is a good source of forage and a source of forage can... Animal production in tropical countries Tergas, L. E., 1983,.... P. ; Mavedzenge, B have been recorded on full sun or well-drained moist soils Rees. Silage for beef cattle and dairy cows on high-quality pasture grass seed applications introduced. ; Hacker, J to our terms and conditions, California Privacy and! Division 2006 ) pangola is thus thought to be an alternative feed for farmers not.. Derived from the careful management of our grassland comparative studies are needed before this goal can used... Vitro data were only reported by Regan ( 2000 ) and JuÃ¡rez Reyes et al grows. Study was financially supported by the first author and finally approved the manuscript during or... Phunphiphat W: nutritive values of different pasture species with grazing dairy cows D., 1981 and indonesia, and... For planting behind a single tyne ripper etc energy balances of common roughages in Formosan Sika deer varied. Vendramini JMB, Newman YC, Sollenberger LE: Digitgrasses factors in Martinique lands ( and. And 2 to 7Â mm wide rapidly by stolons to Jamaica in,.