Hurricane Lenny struck at a particularly unfortunate time for Grenada. [18] Residents in flood-prone areas were advised to evacuate in southern Haiti and in the neighboring Dominican Republic. Hurricane Lenny at peak intensity https://archive.is/20130625152848/img166.imageshack.us/img166/2006/hurricanelennyfk4.png Formation November 13, 1999 Dissipation November 23, 1999 Highest winds 155 mph Lowest pressure 933 mbar Deaths 17 direct Damages $330,000,000 (1999 USD) Areas affected Colombia, Puerto Rico, Leeward Islands It turned southeastward while still drifting, bringing heavy rainfall and strong winds to the islands across the northeastern Caribbean. [22], Hurricane Lenny was originally forecast to strike Puerto Rico, although it remained south of the island. [33], After passing southeast of Puerto Rico, Hurricane Lenny struck St. Croix in the United States Virgin Islands, although its strongest winds remained southeast of the island. Based on the coverage, the public was well informed of the hurricane's threat to the island. Both islands reported beach erosion along their southern coastlines. [35] About 50 people were left homeless in the country. [29] However, 20,000 people in Antigua remained without water for a week after the hurricane, and the stagnant water caused an increase in mosquitoes. Hurricane Lenny is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community.Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. Later, a hurricane watch was issued for the southern coast of Hispaniola, and a tropical storm warning was also issued for the Dominican Republic. Schools closed ahead of the storm, and the ferry between the island and Saint Martin was halted and moved to a safe location. It attained hurricane status south of Jamaica on November 15 and passed south of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico over the next few days. [33] In Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the hurricane left about $330 million in damage (1999 USD), but caused no deaths. 1999...Thanks to Tony (Hurricaneadventures) for sending me the footage. The Hurricane Hunters reported winds of 100 mph (160 km/h), which indicated that Lenny had become a Category 2 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. [21] Officials closed all schools, banned the sale of alcohol, and ordered a freeze on the price of emergency supplies. in Nov. The data indicated the developme… Hurricane Lenny Strengthens.c The Associated Press MIAMI (AP) - (November 15, 1999) With Haiti and Jamaica bracing for a brush with Hurricane Lenny, the storm grew stronger early today as it shifted eastward to possibly threaten Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and the U.S. Virgin Islands. [42] Along the coast, the storm caused severe beach erosion. Hurricane Lenny began as a low-pressure area that was first observed in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on November 8. [52] The United States Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance provided $185,000, mostly directed toward the United Nations Development Programme, for aid to other islands in the eastern Caribbean. In Saint Kitts and Nevis, the National Emergency Management Agency was activated on November 16. [29] At least 40 houses were damaged along the coast, which left several families homeless. On Grande-Terre, the eastern island of Guadeloupe, the hurricane produced a significant wave height of 9.8 ft (3.0 m), with estimates as high as 13 ft (4.0 m). [29], In response to the damage on Saint Martin, officials in the Netherlands Antilles issued an appeal to the European Parliament for assistance from the international community. As an undergraduate at Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas, Texas, Henley studied acting and this training has remained important to her since her transition to play writing. Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE. In 2005 the name Lee was used instead. The Passing of Hurricane Lenny. [1] On Saint Barthélemy, the hurricane produced record-breaking precipitation of around 15 in (380 mm). [26] Most businesses and schools were closed in Antigua and Barbuda during the storm, while in Dominica, the airport was closed. Residents who had hoped the storm season was waning were instead rushing to grocery stores to stock up on water, crackers and canned tuna. The winds left severe damage to vegetation after fruits and vegetables were blown away. Strong winds and rainfall resulted in heavy crop damage in southeastern Puerto Rico. [1] The airport also reported a wind gust of 104 mph (167 km/h). With a loan from the Caribbean Development Bank, the government worked to complete a sea wall along a highway south of its capital Roseau. Residents believe the island has become a target, some believe that hurricane Luis in 1995 left a groove in the atmosphere for other storms to follow. [39] As a result, the three SSS Islands sustained power and telephone outages. The highest precipitation total was 34.12 in (867 mm) at the police station on the French side of Saint Martin. 6. There were five deaths in Guadeloupe. 34/99 Final Report 04 Mar 2003 Antigua and Barbuda USAID: Northeastern Caribbean - Hurricane Lenny Fact Sheet #3, … Martin. Lenny formed on November 13 in the western Caribbean Sea and maintained an unprecedented west-to-east track for its entire duration. Similarly on Saint Croix, power systems were quickly restored. Weather Underground provides tracking maps, 5-day forecasts, computer models, satellite imagery and detailed storm statistics for tracking and forecasting Major Hurricane Lenny Tracker. After the sudden weakening,[7] the Hurricane Hunters reported that the eye had reformed and the hurricane's winds had reached 100 mph (160 km/h). [1] It developed well-defined banding features, good outflow, and a circular eye that was visible from the radar in San Juan, Puerto Rico. [4] At 0000 UTC on November 15, Lenny attained hurricane status about 175 mi (280 km) southwest of Kingston, Jamaica. Hurricane Florence is an example of an unusual path. Although there were initial reports of nine people missing,[18] only two were counted in the death toll for mainland Colombia. The island sustained damage to several buildings, including airport facilities. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Hurricane Lenny. Such flooding forced towns to evacuate along the rivers, and also resulted in the closure of secondary and primary highways. There was also severe beach erosion in western St. Croix; high waves dumped 6.5 ft (2 m) of sand onto coastal roads about 100 ft (30 m) inland,[11] and also washed several boats ashore. One, it was strongest November Atlantic hurricane; two, the damage it caused in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and three, it moved the opposite way storms usually moved across the Caribbean Sea. 3", "Hurricane Lenny OCHA Situation Report No. About 65 percent of Barbuda experienced flooding due to the rainfall and the island's flat topography. On the island, the hurricane killed three people and destroyed more than 200 properties. [21] Property damage in the British Virgin Islands totaled $5.6 million (1999 USD); however, the damage combined with the loss of tourism and productivity yielded a loss of $22 million to the islands' economy, or 3.1 percent of the gross domestic product. [15] Later that day, the cyclone exited the Caribbean,[16] continuing its southeast track. Thunderstorms spread across the region, producing heavy rainfall in portions of Mexico and Central America. [47] The small island Carriacou, located north of Grenada, sustained damage to the road to its primary airport. For 36 hours, Saint Martin experienced tropical storm conditions, and there were three times when the winds surpassed hurricane force. [37] Damage from Lenny amounted to $65.8 million. [22] The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) activated six medical assistance teams, three medical support teams, and two advance medical assessment units. [32] This included a record 24-hour total of 18.98 in (482 mm). [1], After its formation, the depression gradually became better organized;[3] the NHC upgraded it to Tropical Storm Lenny on November 14,[1] based on reports from the Hurricane Hunters. IFRC: Eastern Caribbean: Hurricane Lenny Appeal No. [13] Hurricane Hunters reported Lenny's peak winds in the southeastern portion of the hurricane; the group also reported a minimum pressure of 933 mbar, a drop of 34 mbar in 24 hours. After continued weakening, the hurricane struck Anguilla and Saint Barthélemy the next day. By Hans N. Lechner. This page was last modified on 7 January 2016, at 11:55. [38], Saint Barthélemy and the SSS Islands, which include Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Saint Martin, were in the path of Hurricane Lenny on November 18 through 19. Hurricane Lenny sweeps through the Caribbean Sea in this SeaWiFS image. In Frederiksted, the hurricane produced a storm surge of 15–20 ft (4.5–6 m)[1] along with high waves that washed out roads and damaged coastal structures. A broad area of low pressure was identified in the southwest Caribbean Sea early on November 8th. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) _ Packing 115 mph winds and torrential rains, Hurricane Lenny careened past the Dominican Republic Tuesday on a rare west-to-east course aimed directly at Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. [49] In Puerto Rico, workers quickly responded to power and water outages. [1] Late on November 19, Lenny weakened to tropical storm intensity after increased wind shear exposed the cyclone's center from the deepest convection. The track: currently the eye of Lenny is at 17.1N, 65.1W. [1], Along the ABC Islands off the north coast of Venezuela, the hurricane produced 10-to-20 ft (3-to-6 m) waves along the southwest coastlines. — Kenneth Chisholm This film tells the story of Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, an African-American man who rose above his troubled youth to become a top contender for the middle-weight boxing title. In the affected region, the heavy rainfall destroyed 80 percent of the vegetables and 50 percent of the plantains. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on May 24, 2015. When it was first upgraded to a tropical storm, the cyclone already had winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) and a developing eye feature. Hurricane Lenny is the second-strongest November Atlantic hurricane on record. As more areas are put on alert, the storm shows no sign of abating. Hurricane Lenny is the second-strongest November Atlantic hurricane on record. It was the twelfth tropical storm, eighth hurricane, and record-breaking fifth Category 4 hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season.Lenny formed on November 13 in the western Caribbean Sea and maintained an unprecedented west-to-east track for its entire duration. [29] In Saint John Parish, the storm knocked out the water and power supply and forced several families to evacuate their damaged houses. Officials there advised residents living near ghauts to evacuate, and one shelter was located in each district of the country. [8] After Lenny made its closest approach to the island, the hurricane warning was downgraded to a tropical storm warning on November 17, which was discontinued the following day along with the advisories in the Virgin Islands. There are three main reasons to remember Lenny. [19][20], A hurricane watch was issued for Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands late on November 15, which was upgraded to a hurricane warning six hours later. [31] Two of these deaths were from flying debris, and the other was due to a collapsed roadway. [1] In Puerto Rico, the media maintained continuous coverage on the hurricane based on statements and warnings from the San Juan National Weather Service office. It was the twelfth tropical storm, eighth hurricane, and record-breaking fifth Category 4 hurricane in the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season. [1] This made it the second-strongest hurricane on record to form during the month of November. This very unusual eastward-tracking and late-season storm developed in the Caribbean sea in mid-November reaching a Category 4 by November 17-19 when it stalled within the Leeward Islands in the Anguilla-St.Marteen area. But in terms of impact, it was spectacular. [23] Before the hurricane's arrival, U.S. Virgin Islands governor Charles Wesley Turnbull declared a state of emergency. Thunderstorms spread across the region, producing heavy rainfall in portions of Mexico and Central America. [1] The NHC noted the deterioration could have been due to a disruption of the storm's small inner core by "subtle environmental changes". Rainfall amounted to around 4 in (100 mm)[1] and caused a mudslide near Coxheath. [29] At least 10 homes were destroyed in the country,[1] and damage totaled $94.6 million; this represented 27 percent of the island's gross domestic product. [1], In Dominica, high waves damaged the island's western coastal highway, leaving the most heavily traveled road temporarily closed. Shortly afterwards, it intensified into Tropical Storm Lenny just 5 hours later. [27] Further south, there was little warning for the hurricane in Grenada, and most people left their boats in the water. [11] Damage on St. Thomas was minimal, limited to minor flooding and mudslides. Some people at the National Hurricane Center nicknamed it "Wrong Way Lenny". The Virgin Islands National Park in St. John reported over $1.6 million in damage (1999 USD). At the time, a ridge was expected to build to Lenny's east and turn the storm northeastward into Puerto Rico 24 hours later. [17] Lenny turned to the east for the final time early on November 22, dissipating the next day about 690 mi (1110 km) east of the Lesser Antilles. The extent of damage was from waves in the western portion of the island and from unrelated flooding inland. [50] On November 23, U.S. President Bill Clinton declared the U.S. Virgin Islands a disaster area. Late on November 18, Lenny's eye moved over Saint Martin with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). This page was last changed on 10 March 2013, at 03:35. On November 21, Lenny turned to the northeast and weakened to a tropical depression. Several businesses were flooded, and some beach erosion was reported. Coverage from TWC of Hurricane Lenny in the Western Caribbean in Nov. [44][53] Across the eastern Caribbean, local Red Cross offices provided food and shelter to affected citizens. [2] For much of its existence, the tropical cyclone maintained a track from west to east across the Caribbean Sea, which was unprecedented in the Atlantic hurricane database. Heavy rains and gusty winds occurred over the northwest Caribbean for several days. In Antigua and Barbuda, officials worked quickly to repair roads and clean Barbuda's water system. [1], Tropical cyclones of the 1999 Atlantic hurricane season, Lenny south of Saint Croix at its peak intensity, http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/retirednames.shtml, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Lenny&oldid=4251599. [44] Home damage forced four families to evacuate. [1] The rainfall caused severe flooding in Antigua, resulting in landslides in the northwestern and southern portion of the island. [1] On Saba, there was an unofficial wind gust of 167 mph (268 km/h) before the instrument blew away. The path resulted from its movement along the southern end of a trough over the western Atlantic Ocean. A broad area of low pressure was first identified in the southwest Caribbean Sea early on 8 November. In response, the federal government provided about $480,000 to the affected people. [1] By that time, Lenny was projected to move over Puerto Rico. [42] In Montserrat, damage was reported along its western coastline. It was the fifth storm of such intensity in the year, setting the record for most Category 4 hurricanes in a season. On November 13, the system became better organized; a Hurricane Hunters flight later that day discovered a surface circulation and winds of about 35 mph (55 km/h). [29] Effects from the storm reached as far south as Trinidad and Tobago. Lenny is on the move, intensifying and heading east. Despite favorable conditions for strengthening, the hurricane weakened as it turned to an eastward drift, possibly due to the upwelling of cooler waters. [30] The waves caused heavy beach erosion and coastal damage to properties and boats. [1] Beginning on November 17, Lenny affected Puerto Rico with gusty winds and heavy rainfall. Rains were not as heavy as on St. Croix; the maximum amounts were 4.34 in (110 mm) on St. Thomas and 2.95 in (75 mm) on St. John. This hurricane had a major impact on numerous land areas in the Caribbean Sea. Rainfall in the days prior to Lenny's approach left areas susceptible to flooding, which caused many rivers in the northeastern portion of the island to overflow their banks following the storm. [11] The peak rainfall on the island was 14.64 in (372 mm) in Jayuya in central Puerto Rico. Significant storm damage occurred as far south as Grenada, where high surf isolated towns from the capital city. The heavy rains also caused mudslides and rockslides. The erosion heavily impacted tourist areas and also threatened the foundation of the runway at the Maurice Bishop International Airport. Hurricane Tony was the deadliest storm of the 2030 Atlantic Hurricane Season, as well as one of the deadliest in history. [43] Damage in the country of Antigua and Barbuda totaled $51.3 million,[29] and there was one death. Her southern heritage has played a large role in the setting and themes of her writing, as well as the critical response she has received—she is often categorized as a writer of the “Southern Gothic” tradition. [47] Damage on the island totaled $21.5 million. [1], In Virgin Gorda in the nearby British Virgin Islands, the hurricane produced sustained winds of 55 mph (89 km/h), with gusts to 85 mph (137 km/h). Connect; [35] The hurricane destroyed at least 50 homes,[47] including 3 that were washed away by the waves. Hurricane warning. [1] During its passage, Lenny left widespread damage to the infrastructure, including to the airport, harbor, resorts, power utilities, schools, and hospitals. Beth Henley was born May 8, 1952, in Jackson, Mississippi, the daughter of an attorney and a community theatre actress. [29] About 95 percent of the crops in Barbuda were destroyed. With a population of 96,000 people, Grenada’s economy had only recently begun to accelerate from a rate of growth of about three percent per year to six percent in 1999 which makes it possible for the country to significantly reduce unemployment and poverty. 8", National Hurricane Center Preliminary Report on Lenny, Hydrometeorological Prediction Center Rainfall Report on Lenny, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Lenny&oldid=873292, Commons category link is defined as the pagename, Hurricanes in the United States Virgin Islands, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Medical teams were sent as well. There are three main reasons to remember Lenny. [39] Due to their small population and area, the small islands of the eastern Caribbean required international funding to repair the damage from the hurricane and return to normal. [29], Early in its existence, Lenny produced large waves and high tides along the Guajira Peninsula in Colombia,[1] sinking two boats and flooding 1,200 houses. The Saint Lucian government provided housing to 70 families. It all starts out when Dr. Clay is in his office when he examines something, then he hears something shocking, the weatherman said that Hurricane Leroy is approaching Clearwater. Later that day, thunderstorm activity increased. Tony killed around 2,300 people. [1] Haitian officials declared a state of alert in three southern provinces and allocated about $1 million (1999 USD) in hurricane funds. This included 1,190 residents in Ponce who evacuated to 27 schools, as well as 584 people in western Puerto Rico. The cut-off roads resulted in an island-wide fuel shortage. [31], Due to the hurricane's unusual track from the west, it produced unparalleled waves of 10–16 ft (3–5 m) along the western coast of St. Martin,[31] which damaged or destroyed many boats. [29] Rainfall of around 3 in (76 mm) reached as far south as Martinique, where one person was killed. There were also reports of flooded businesses and damaged crops. Winds in the Puerto Rican mainland were not significant, gusting to 48 mph (77 km/h) in Ceiba. Thomas. [35] After high waves capsized a boat, a crew of three required rescue. [1] The deep convection was located at least 100 mi (160 km) east of the increasingly elongated center. [29] Regions in Antigua and Grenada were declared disaster areas. [1], Early in Lenny's duration, a tropical storm warning and hurricane watch were issued for Jamaica. Lenny was an odd hurricane because it moved west-to-east in the Caribbean in November – the reverse direction of how storms usually track in that portion of the Atlantic Basin. [6] However, the cloud pattern subsequently became less organized as the eye disappeared, and Lenny's winds weakened to 85 mph (140 km/h) while the hurricane passed south of Hispaniola. There, gusts reached 112 mph (180 km/h), while sustained winds officially peaked around 70 mph (120 km/h). Strong winds damaged the roofs of many houses in eastern St. Croix[1] and knocked down trees and power lines. Hurricane Lenny began as a low-pressure area that was first observed in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on November 8. [1][14] Early on November 20, the storm made landfall on Anguilla,[1] although by then the center had become difficult to locate. [1] The depression's convection was fairly disorganized, and the National Hurricane Center (NHC) did not anticipate any strengthening for three days. The data indicated the development of Tropical Depression Sixteen at 1800 UTC, about 175 mi (280 km) south of the Cayman Islands. The name Lee in 2005 was not retired, so Lee is on the list for 2011. 2", Tropical Cyclones Affecting Trinidad and Tobago 1725-2000, "Toegankelijk vanaf de volgende stranden", "Disaster Aid Ordered for Virgin Islands Hurricane Recovery", "Virgin Islanders Receive More Than A Half-Million Dollars In Federal Assistance", "Post Impact Report #2 - Hurricane Lenny", "Hurricane Lenny OCHA Situation Report No. On September 4, a tropical disturbance began to be monitored near the coast of Southwest. [11] Shortly thereafter, Lenny attained peak winds of 155 mph (250 km/h) while passing 21 mi (33 km) south of the island of Saint Croix in the United States Virgin Islands. [42] The government of Dominica provided 42 families with temporary shelters. The last few hurricane seasons have not been kind to St Maarten. [35] Heavy rains caused mudslides on Saint Kitts,[1] and heavy damage occurred in Old Road Town. Waves reached 16 ft (4.9 m) on the island's western portion. [12] At the time, Lenny was also one of only four November major hurricanes,[11] but it was later joined by Hurricane Michelle in 2001 and Hurricane Paloma in 2008. Other agencies, including the Caribbean Development Bank, the United Kingdom's Department for International Development, and the European Union, provided $1.1 million in assistance. Despite the hurricane's passage near Saint Croix at peak intensity, damage on the small island was only described as "moderate", although there was widespread flooding and erosion. In preparation for landfall, a FEMA team was deployed to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, bringing 6,000 rolls of roofing-quality plastic sheeting, 112 generators, and 90,000 gallons of water. In addition, stores were open for longer hours to allow people to stock up on supplies. 2001 . [9] The hurricane continued to become better organized, with an eye 29 mi (46 km) in diameter surrounded by a closed eyewall. The agency stored five days' worth of food in schools in the U.S. Virgin Islands. [35] The hurricane destroyed 46 homes and damaged 332 others to varying degree. Hurricane Lenny has cut a swathe through the Caribbean causing widespread damage to many islands. Storm damage cut off the towns in western Grenada from the capital city of Saint George's. [1] In Anguilla, residents near the coast were advised to evacuate. ... the slowing forward speed and the change in Florence's direction of movement have put another wrinkle in its already odd track history. [1] The hurricane then made its closest approach to Puerto Rico, passing about 75 mi (121 km) southeast of Maunabo. On November 13, the system became better organized; a Hurricane Hunters flight later that day discovered a surface circulation and winds of about 35 mph (56 km/h). [25], Governments across the eastern Caribbean issued hurricane warnings as far south as Montserrat. Before the storm and as a result of its impact, around 4,700 people evacuated to 191 shelters. Sustained winds on the island peaked at 84 mph (135 km/h) at the Princess Juliana International Airport;[31] these were the highest sustained winds observed on land. Rainfall peaked at 10.47 in (266 mm),[32] which caused widespread flooding of many properties in the island's western portion. Hurricane Lenny - 1999 The irony, of course, was that Hurricane Lenny was really not close to Dominica at all: we’ve had closer brushes with bigger storms. Lenny was forecast to move through the Leeward Islands as a Category 3 hurricane, surprising islanders when it strengthened into a strong Category 4 hurricane. [1] The highest precipitation related to the storm occurred at the police station on the French side of Saint Martin, where a total of 34.12 in (867 mm) was recorded. A hurricane warning is in effect for Puerto Rico and the US and British Virgin Islands. Although thunderstorm activity associated with the low remained poorly organized, locally heavy rains and strong gusty winds occurred over the northwes… [1] The rains resulted in mudslides and flooding and were the primary form of impact on the island. The storm left 22,000 people without power and 103,000 people without water. High waves eroded a portion of Sir Francis Drake Highway, and the high winds destroyed the roof of an apartment. [41], In western Grenada, high waves affected much of the coastline,[29] destroying 21 small boats and causing significant beach erosion. And, let's all not forget about the 2060 Atlantic Hurricane Season. [27] Hotels along the island's west coast sustained heavy damage, and across the nation the hurricane's impact was worse than that from Hurricane Luis four years prior. Coverage from TWC of powerful Hurricane Lenny in the Eastern Caribbean approaching the US and British Virgin Is. Damage throughout the island totaled $105 million (1999 US). Hurricane Lenny 13 - 23 November 1999 John L. Guiney National Hurricane Center 9 December 1999 (modified 22 February 2000) Hurricane Lenny was the fifth category-four hurricane on the Saffir/Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS) of the 1999 season - a record. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). This SeaWiFS image captured Hurricane Lenny in the Caribbean Sea. Later that day, there was sufficient convective banding to warrant a T1.0 Dvorak satellite-based intensity classification from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB) at TPC. 76 mm ) in Philipsburg food in schools in the death toll mainland... On Saba, there was an unofficial wind gust of 167 mph ( 148 km/h ), while winds. Coast were advised to evacuate in southern Haiti and in the southwestern Caribbean.! Around 3 in ( 700 mm ) a swathe through the Lesser Antilles Lenny. Allocated federal funding for loans to public and private entities and provided 75 of. 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