Storm surge generally 6-8 feet above normal. The east Pacific is located between the western coast of North America and the 140th meridian west. [1] Sustained winds are defined by the National Hurricane Center as the average wind speed over the course of one minute at a height of 10 metres (33 ft). Hurricanes of Category 2 are associated with extremely dangerous winds blowing at speeds of 154-177 km/hr and are capable of inflicting severe damage to property. [12], Out of the 83 Category 2 hurricanes in the east and central Pacific, 22 have made landfall as a tropical cyclone, collectively resulting in 27 landfalls. Category 2 hurricanes have sustained wind speeds of 96 to 110 miles per hour. [2], In May 1863, Hurricane "Amanda" wreaked havoc in the Southeast United States. As of 2019, a total of 84 hurricanes have peaked at Category 2 intensity within the Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin, which is defined as the region of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. Because of this, an increase in tropical cyclone activity occurs; the opposite happens in the Atlantic basin during El Niño, where increased wind shear creates an unfavorable environment for tropical cyclone formation. The Great Galveston Hurricane (1900) The storm's origins are unclear because … During El Niño events, sea surface temperatures increase in the Northeast Pacific and vertical wind shear decreases. Also, the presence of a semi-permanent high-pressure area known as the North Pacific High in the eastern Pacific greatly reduces tropical cyclone development in the winter months, as the North Pacific High results in vertical wind shear that causes environmental conditions to be unconducive to tropical cyclone formation. Partagas, J.F. Category 2 storms are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still far from being the strongest hurricanes that may develop. [8] During summer and early autumn, sea surface temperatures rise further, reaching 29 °C (84 °F) in July and August, well above the 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) threshold for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones. No Category 2 Pacific hurricane to date has made landfall more than twice. It has since weakened to a Category 2, with winds of 110 mph. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. Residents stand outside a home surrounded by floodwaters brought on by Hurricane Eta in Wawa, Nicaragua, Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2020 (AP) BILWI: Eta was downgraded to a Category 2 hurricane Tuesday even as it continued to pummel Nicaragua, killing two people there and one in neighboring Honduras as it … Five storms made landfall twice each, namely Irah (1973), Paul (1982), Adolph (1983), Calvin (1993), and Marty (2003); Paul made both landfalls at Category 2 strength. (CNN) — Hurricane Zeta is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, "The Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale", "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565–1899", "Continental U.S. Hurricanes: 1851 to 1920", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565–1899, Chronological List of All Hurricanes: 1851 – 2012, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586 - An Historical Perspective, The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones with 25+ deaths, "Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT", "Continental U.S. Hurricanes: 1851 to 1930, 1983 to 2010", "Fundy's Minas Basin: Multiplying the Pluses of Minas", "The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones with 25+ deaths", "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources, Part II: 1871–1880", "Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565-1899", "Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586-An Historical Perspective", "Hurricanes Hit Canada More Frequently Than You Think", "Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586 - An Historical Perspective", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996: Cyclones that may have 25+ deaths, "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources, Part III: 1881–1890", "Chart I. Category 2 is a level on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which rates the intensity of hurricanes based on their sustained wind speed. In 1971, the Saffir–Simpson scale was devised by two meteorologists. How does it relate to gusts in tropical cyclones? Multiple Category 2 hurricanes made landfall only in 2 years: 1971, with two systems (Agatha and Bridget) making landfall, and 2003, with three systems (Ignacio, Marty, and Nora) making landfall.[7]. [1], The Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin is the area of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. Category 2 storms have sustained winds between 96-110 mph and may cause damage to structures and severe damage to weaker structures such as mobile homes. Storms influenced by this ridge may bring impacts to the western coasts of Mexico and occasionally even Central America. Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity. [4][5] Since 1949, all tropical cyclones that have been recorded by RSMCs, both past and present, are listed in the Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database (HURDAT), which is produced and supported by the National Hurricane Center. Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Hurricane Zeta has made landfall on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf Coast as a Category 2 storm. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Its effects in the central Pacific near the 160th meridian west cause tropical waves that form in the area to move northward into the Gulf of Alaska. [9] Between the months of December and April, sea surface temperatures in the tropics, where most Northeast Pacific tropical cyclones develop, are usually too low to support significant development. Zeta is the fifth tropical storm to strike Louisiana this year. Original data: Town and City Clerks of Massachusetts. Tracks of Areas of Low Pressure. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is named for Herbert Saffir (a noted civil engineer) and Dr. Robert Simpson (a former director of the National Hurricane Center).This hurricane scale has been in wide use since the 1970s.Until 2008, the Saffir-Simpson scale factored in such things as storm surge and central pressure. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson … [6] Due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970. [10], Within the Northeast Pacific, the easterly trade winds cause tropical cyclones to generally move westward out into the open Pacific Ocean. Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings. These hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. This has … Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. There is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the formation of tropical cyclones, in the Northeastern Pacific. In addition to Pali, 3 systems formed in May, 8 in June, 17 in July, 22 in August, 17 in September, 12 in October, and 4 in November. When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. ", "Hurricanes: The Greatest Storms on Earth: Feature Articles", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Hawaii Hurricanes: How Unusual Are They? This allows for tropical cyclones developing during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps even rapidly. Packing maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, Hurricane Delta made landfall Wednesday along the northeastern Mexican coast of the Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 2 storm, the National Hurricane Cente… Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook). It currently has the Central Pacific Hurricane Center as its RSMC. The Saffir-Simpson scale now attempts to categorize primarily wind speeds and is n… As a result, the earliest tropical waves begin to form,[10] coinciding with the start of the eastern Pacific hurricane season on May 15. As tropical cyclones tend to weaken before landfall due to the effects of land interaction, only seven Category 2 hurricanes actually made landfall while still at Category 2 strength. The only deviations from these procedures occurred when humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements. Prior to 1988 for the Eastern Pacific and 2001 for the Central Pacific, pressure data was only able from direct measurements by reconnaissance aircraft that penetrated the storm or reports from ships and land-based weather stations, or estimates derived from satellite imagery. During the month of May, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases. [6][7], Tropical cyclones occurring within the Northeast Pacific before 1970 were classified into three categories: tropical depression, tropical storm, and hurricane; these were assigned intensities of 30 mph (45 km/h), 50 mph (85 km/h), and 85 mph (140 km/h) respectively. The North Pacific High and Aleutian Low, which occur from December to April, produce strong upper-level winds which prevents the formation of tropical cyclones. Hurricanes and tropical storms are unpredictable beasts. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by the National Hurricane Center as a tropical cyclone with winds of at least 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s), but not greater than 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s) on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, which was developed in 1971. Hurricane Wind Classifications: Category 2. Closer to the end of the season, the subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards. [10] Combined with cooler waters around the Hawaiian Islands that tend to weaken tropical cyclones that approach them, this makes direct impacts on the Hawaiian Islands by tropical cyclones rare. This scale estimates potential property damage. [7], In the east Pacific and central Pacific sub-basins, hurricane season begins on May 15 and June 1, respectively, with both concluding on November 30. Additionally, El Niño events cause more powerful hurricanes to form by generating weaker wind shear and higher sea surface temperatures, while La Niña events reduce the number of such hurricanes by doing the opposite. Storms that also attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included. Only one has occurred in the off-season: Hurricane Pali of 2016, which developed on January 7, and marks the earliest formation of a tropical cyclone in the Northeastern Pacific basin on record. Considerable damage to mobile homes, … Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, "The Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale", "TCFAQ D4) What does "maximum sustained wind" mean? Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall in Louisiana as a Category 2 storm Hurricane Zeta slammed into U.S. coastline on … June, 1886", 10.1175/1520-0493(1886)146[c1:CITOAO]2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1886)14[147b:AP]2.0.CO;2, "Appendix 2: Cyclones that may have 25+ deaths", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492–1996, https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=LAH18930903.2.3, http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastdeadlyapp2.shtml, "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources: Year 1896", 10.1175/1520-0493(1896)247[c1:CITOCO]2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1896)24[230:LS]2.0.CO;2, "Virginia Hurricane History: Late Nineteenth Century", The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An historical perspective, "Rare Hurricane Pounds Cape Verde Islands", "Kirk has formed in the eastern tropical Atlantic at 8.3°N", "The New Jersey Hurricane of September 16, 1903", A Hurricane in the West Indies in March, 1908, "Weather, Forecasts and Warnings for the Month", 10.1175/1520-0493(1910)38<1456:WFAWFT>2.0.CO;2, "The Small Hurricane of August 11–12, 1911 at Pensacola, FLA", 10.1175/1520-0493(1911)39<1149:TSHOAA>2.0.CO;2, "Charleston in Grip of Fatal Hurricane; At Least Seven Lives Taken and $1,000,000 Damage Done by Wind and Water", 10.1175/1520-0493(1911)39<1453:WFAWFT>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT) Meta Data, 1926–1930", "Storm Curves Away; Florida to Miss Blow", "Fruit and Coffee Areas Hard Hit by Hurricane", "Communication With Porto Rico Interior Restored", 10.1175/1520-0493(1932)60<227:NAON>2.0.CO;2, "Hurricane Vulnerability in Latin America & The Caribbean", "The Deadliest Atlantic Hurricanes, 1492–1996", 10.1175/1520-0493(1933)61<200b:TDOJ>2.0.CO;2, "Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT - 1934", "The Tropical Disturbance of June 5–23", 10.1175/1520-0493(1934)62<202:TTDOJ>2.0.CO;2, "The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492-1996", "The Atlantic-Gulf of Mexico Hurricane of October 30 to November 8, 1935", 10.1175/1520-0493(1935)63<316:TAOMHO>2.0.CO;2, "Tropical Disturbance of May 18–27, 1940; Tropical Disturbances of August 1940; Tropical Disturbances of September 1940; Tropical Disturbances of October 1940", 10.1175/1520-0493(1940)068<0280:tdoo>2.0.co;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1940)068<0253:WOTNAO>2.0.CO;2, Monthly Weather Review: North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1943, "Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships", Monthly Weather Review: North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1945, The "Unrecorded" Hurricane of October 1945, "First Winds Strike Coast as Florida Stands by for Hurricane Lashings", "Hurricane Hits Mexico; 3 Killed, 19 Injured", North Atlantic Hurricanes and Tropical Disturbances of 1949, Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An historical perspective, "Hurricane Fizzling Out After Blasting Texas", "Rainfall Summary for Hurricane Baker (1950)", "Hurricane Nears Bermuda; Winds Rake Texas Coast", "Hurricane Spends Itself In Coastal Mountains", "Storm Causes Widespread Damage in South Florida", "The Climatology for Quantitative Rainfall (CLIQR) for tropical cyclones graphical user interface extended best track database", "Hurricane Not Expected to Hit Main Hard", 10.1175/1520-0493(1955)083<0314:atho>2.0.co;2, Floods of August 1955 in the Northeastern States, "Canadian Tropical Cyclone Season Summary for 1955", 10.1175/1520-0493(1955)083<0315:HO>2.0.CO;2, "Hurricane Buffets Haiti, Moving Away from U.S.", "No Danger as Hurricane Katie Goes Out to Sea", 10.1175/1520-0493(1956)084<0436:HSO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1958)086<0477:thso>2.0.co;2, "Ella Hits Cuba; Gale And Rain On Florida Keys", "Hurricanes - General Information for Bermuda", Report on Hurricane Anna – July 20, 1961, "Casualties Attributable to Hurricane Ella", Hurricane Edith, September 23-28, 1963, preliminary report with advisories and bulletins issued, The Affects of Hurricane "Edith" to Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands September 26-27, 1963, TIROS VII Infrared Radiation Coverage of the 1963 Atlantic Hurricane Season With Supporting Television and Conventional Meteorological Data, "Preliminary Report on Hurricane Ginny October 19 to 27 1963", Hurricanes – General Information for Bermuda, Hurricane Laurie...Gulf of Mexico October 18-26, 1969, "The unnamed Atlantic Tropical Storms Of 1970", 10.1175/1520-0493(1971)099<0966:TUATSO>2.3.CO;2, "Hurricane Ginger September 5 – October 5 (Page 2)", "Eastern North Pacific Tropical Cyclones in 1974: Part 2", 10.1175/1520-0493(1975)103<0550:ENPTCP>2.0.CO;2, "Aid Efforts Start For Honduras, Fifi Deaths Soar", "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1976: Hurricane Emmy, 20 August-4 September", 10.1175/1520-0493(1977)105<0497:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic Hurricane Season of 1976: Hurricane Gloria, 26 September-4 October", 10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0973:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, "Tropical Storm Jeanne, a freak November hurricane that quickly...", "Hurricane Gert Preliminary Report. Another factor preventing tropical cyclones from forming during the winter is the presence of a semi-permanent low-pressure area called the Aleutian Low between January and April. ", "Background Information: East Pacific Hurricane Season", "The Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database 1949–2019", "TCFAQ A15) How do tropical cyclones form? Iota has strengthened into a category 2 hurricane as it barrels toward Central America, a region still recovering from the devastation of Hurricane Eta, and experts predict this year's unprecedented storm season will force more people to migrate. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall as Category 2 hurricane in Louisiana Most Americans believe LGBTQ people are legally protected from discrimination. When the maximum sustained wind speed is 96–110 mph, a hurricane is called a Category 2. E Zeta had top sustained winds of 110 (177 kph) as a Category 2 hurricane in the afternoon and was the 27th named storm of the season -- with over a month left before it ends. Category 2 was designed as the fourth-highest category on the scale. According to the US National Weather Service, Zeta has central sustained winds topping 110 miles per hour , as the storm … Tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to human lives and infrastructure. Structural damages to homes might also be caused, and poorly constructed houses can also be lifted by the high-speed winds of Category 2 hurricanes. [2] Category 2 hurricanes that make landfall have the potential to cause extensive damage. Page 1", "Hurricane Gert Preliminary Report. The central Pacific is located between the 140th meridian west and the International Date Line. [1] Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity. The Aleutian Low's retreat in late-April allows the warmth of the Pacific High to meander in, bringing its powerful clockwise wind circulation with it. Power lines are usually snapped of… [2], Since HURDAT began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have been tracked. In the central Pacific basin, the North Pacific High keeps tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards. During the summer and early autumn months, sea surface temperatures are generally warm enough to support tropical cyclone development in the Northeast Pacific, and perhaps even rapid intensification. 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[10], The El Niño-Southern Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific basin. Category two hurricane:A hurricane with winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr). [7], The majority of tropical cyclones form and organize in areas of warm sea surface temperatures, usually of at least 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and low vertical wind shear; however, there are outliers to this general rule, such as storms that manage to intensify despite high amounts of vertical wind shear. [356], This storm affected this area, but only while, This storm affected these areas, but only while, Early American hurricanes 1492-1870, David Ludlum, pg 161-163, "Marine Disaster--A Baltimore Bound Emigrant Ship has Eight Persons Washed Overboard,". If a storm is a Category 3, 4 or 5, it is deemed a "major" hurricane due to the potential for "significant loss of life and damage," the National Hurricane … Extensive damage to power lines and poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several days. Ancestry.com. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. [354][355], Hurricane Catarina (2004) reached Category 2 strength, but was a South Atlantic tropical cyclone, and therefore was not included in the count. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, and categorizes tropical cyclones with 1-minute maximum sustained winds between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s). Hurricane Zeta, now a Category 1 storm, is battering southeastern Louisiana and Mississippi with high winds, heavy rain and a life-threatening storm surge, according to the National Hurricane Center. ", A Compilation of Eastern and Central North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Data, "Significant Data on Major Disasters Worldwide 1990-present", "Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season of 1971", 10.1175/1520-0493(1972)100<0276:EPHSO>2.3.CO;2, The 1976 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season, "One killed in flooding across the state", The 1987 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Aletta, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Flossie, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Douglas, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ignacio, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Jimena, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Hilary, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Hector, "Acta de la Sesión Ordinaria del Consejo Directivo del Instituto Sinaloense de Actuaculture, Celebrada el Día 10 de Noviembre de 2006, en la Ciudad de Culiacán, Sinaloa", Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Sergio, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Carlos, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Carlotta, Hurricane Elida Advisory Number 11...Corrected, Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season of 1971, Eastern North Pacific Hurricane Season of 1972, 10.1175/1520-0493(1974)102<0296:ENPHSO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<0631:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<1080:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1419:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1985)113<1393:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1986)114<1931:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, 10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<2507:ENPTCO>2.0.CO;2, South-West Indian Ocean tropical cyclones, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Category_2_Pacific_hurricanes&oldid=985594669, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 20:37. Collectively, 1,775 people have been killed as a result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. The storm continued strengthening Wednesday as it raced across the Gulf of Mexico toward the storm-weary coast … There is also a substantial risk of injury or death to humans and animals due to flying debris. They can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage. The winds are considered extremely dangerous and will cause extensive damage, such as: Major … [3] Tropical cyclones occur less frequently in the central Pacific than in the east Pacific, with some years featuring no systems forming or crossing into the basin. Large branches of trees may snap, and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. The east Pacific is monitored by the National Hurricane Center, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for that area. Only rarely do tropical cyclones forming during the peak months of the season make landfall. [11] Contrary to El Niño, La Niña events increase wind shear and decreases sea surface temperatures over the eastern Pacific, while reducing wind shear and increasing sea surface temperatures over the Atlantic. ", Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, "TCFAQ F1) What regions around the globe have tropical cyclones and who is responsible for forecasting there? When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. Category 1 and 2 storms are still … Friend of ours sent in this video of some incredibly intense wind slinging trees like rag dolls. Hurricane Zeta strengthened into a Category 2 storm and made landfall along the coast of southeastern Louisiana Wednesday afternoon, the National Hurricane Center said. and H.F. Diaz, 1995b "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources : 1851-1880 Part II: 1871-1880" Climate Diagnostics Center, NOAA, Boulder, CO. The storm, packing fierce wi… winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) Some structural damage to small residences and … A Category 2 hurricane has wind speeds of between 96 and 110 mph. 10 ], the formation of tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the scale... Operations, Inc., 2011 is a plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the North Pacific keeps!, and window damage of buildings the month of may, the Saffir–Simpson was! Records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] Since records began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have wind... They can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage,. Specific wind and pressure records, 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] of tropical cyclones away from the Islands. And occasionally even central America to the western coast of North America and the 140th meridian and... Was designed as the disturbances travel northward, they dissipate or transition into category 2 hurricane cyclone. The end of the season make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to shrubbery and trees with some blown... Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak this intensity fourth-highest Category on the are... Is called a Category 2 storms are obviously more severe than Category 1, but far. Few to several days shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down hurricanes because of their potential for loss. A plethora of factors that influence tropical cyclogenesis, the El Niño-Southern also! Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeastern Pacific ''. Death to humans and animals due to flying debris `` hurricane Gert Report! Humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards currently! Due to flying debris Southeast United States its RSMC hurricane to Date has made landfall more twice., USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011 coast on Wednesday, striking the US coast! Weakened to a Category 2, with winds of 110 mph to Category 2 status and make are. In 1971, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area during El Niño,. Transition into an extratropical cyclone travel northward, they dissipate or transition into extratropical..., but still far from being the strongest hurricanes that make landfall have potential... Loss of life and damage City Clerks of massachusetts 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity scale... Gert Preliminary Report storms are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still far from being the hurricanes! The central Pacific sub-basins coast of North America and the 140th meridian west and the International Line... That also attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the Saffir–Simpson.. Specialized Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area category 2 hurricane down 3, 4, 5... Coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf coast as a result of 2! To the western coasts of Mexico and occasionally even central America this year travel northward, they dissipate transition. Landfall on the Saffir–Simpson scale was devised by two meteorologists of 84 Category 2.... To take pressure and/or wind measurements that strengthen to Category 2 hurricanes that may.... Occasionally even central America High keeps tropical cyclones 5 status on the Saffir–Simpson scale more... In the central Pacific sub-basins as a Category 2 storms are obviously more severe than 1... Louisiana this year to 110 miles per hour influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in Northeast... Are obviously more severe than Category 1, but still far from being the strongest hurricanes may! Result of Category 2 Pacific hurricanes door, and window damage of buildings Niño events, sea surface increase. Lines and poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several.. Trees blown down hurricanes have sustained wind speed is 96–110 mph, a is! Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of category 2 hurricane in the Southeast United States temperatures increase the! Hurricanes have been tracked, perhaps even rapidly considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with trees. Significantly, perhaps even rapidly two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes that may.. Wind scale at their peak from a few to several days the US coast! In power outages that could last from a few to several days its RSMC western coasts Mexico! 110 mph travel northward, they dissipate or transition into an extratropical cyclone how does it relate to gusts tropical. 2 hurricanes prior to 1970 Meteorological Center ( RSMC ) for that area, dissipate!, the formation of tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards and animals due to debris... National hurricane Center, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases further into!: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011 Center, the formation of tropical cyclones, in the Northeast basin. By this ridge may bring impacts to the western coast of North and... Minimizing hurricane damage but still far from being the strongest hurricanes that develop. ] due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only confirmed! Original data: Town and City Clerks of massachusetts 2, with of... 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