With its pressure of 892 millibars, the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935 is on record as the most intense hurricane ever to hit American shores. Hurricane is a Caribbean Indian word that means "evil spirit and big wind." The hurricane missed Florida and swirled over the Gulf of Mexico with winds at more than 120 miles per hour. Shortly thereafter, the depression made landfall in Quintana Roo. Convection was nearly non-existent early on August 19, though there were a few small bursts in convection. Since 2000, we have rarely seen less than 10 tropical storms per year. By late on October 2, Keith made landfall in Ambergris Caye, Belize as a minimal hurricane. Most hurricanes occur harmlessly out at sea. However, La Niña was present it the Eastern Pacific, which was a factor in the activity in the season. After minimal strengthening, the depression dissipated to the north of the Bahamas on August 11. Hurricane Dolly, … By 1200 UTC on August 12, Alberto attained its peak intensity with winds of 125 mph (201 km/h). The storm strengthened quickly from Category 1 to Category 5 as it moved from the Bahamas toward the Florida Keys. In Haiti, squalls tore tin roofs off of numerous shanty homes and subsequently flooded a few. It destroyed hundreds of houses in the Bahamas and reportedly left four dead. By late on June 8, a reconnaissance plane flight indicated that the depression had degenerated into a low pressure area. Shortly thereafter, Florence curved northeastward. Hurricanes have largely avoided the U.S. coast since 2005, but there have been many serious storms and near-misses. During the meeting in spring of 2001, the World Meteorological Organization retired the name Keith from the list above due to its high impact[91] and replaced with the name Kirk for use in the 2006 Atlantic hurricane season. On August 10, the depression was about 80 miles (130 km) east of Cape Canaveral, Florida when it abruptly turned northeastward in advance of a deep-layer trough over the eastern United States. July 13, 1996: Hurricane Bertha hits Long Island as a strong tropical storm. Mississippians take note: Mississippi is one of the states most likely to be hit by a hurricane. A hurricane is considered a "major hurricane" when it reaches at least Category 3 status, ... "The 2006-2014 annual mean ACE is 97, compared to a 1951-2000 mean of 93." [71] Extensive agricultural damage occurred, with 40,000 acres (160 km2) of farmland inundated by water. Hurricane Jose, another 2017 Category 4 mega-storm, luckily didn’t do nearly as much damage, but it certainly came close, smashing Caribbean Islands before swirling up the East Coast. [57], On September 28, Isaac peaked as a low-end Category 4 hurricane with winds of 140 mph (220 km/h). Timeline of the 2000 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1999–00 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season, 2000–01 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season, Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2007, Background Information: The North Atlantic Hurricane Season, Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2000, Tropical Storm Beryl Tropical Cyclone Report, Impacto socioeconómico de los principales desastres ocurridos en a la República Mexicana en el año 2000, "Fairly mild season left damage nonetheless", Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary June 2000, Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT, Tropical Depression One Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression One Discussion Number 1, Tropical Depression One Discussion Number 5, Tropical Depression Two Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression Two Discussion Number 1, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", Tropical Depression Two Discussion Number 2, Hurricane Alberto Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression Four Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression Five Discussion Number 2, Tropical Storm Beryl – August 13–16, 2000, Tropical Storm Chris Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression Six Discussion Number 1, Tropical Depression Six Discussion Number 2, Tropical Depression Chris Discussion Number 6, Tropical Depression Chris Discussion Number 8, Puerto Rico faces flooding after Hurricane Debby's drenching rains, Tropical Storm Ernesto Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression Eight Discussion Number 1, Tropical Storm Ernesto Discussion Number 2, Tropical Storm Ernesto Discussion Number 3, Tropical Storm Ernesto Discussion Number 4, Tropical Storm Ernesto Discussion Number 6, Tropical Depression Nine Tropical Cyclone Report, Tropical Depression No. The extratropical remnants affected the British Isles between October 3 and 4, before being absorbed into another extratropical storm to the north of Scotland on October 4. In addition, a quick succession of eight storms occurred in September, and lasted into early October. Since 2000, the United States has been struck by deadly and devastating hurricanes. Once in the Gulf of Mexico, Keith began to re-strengthen and was upgraded to a tropical storm later that day, and a hurricane on the following day. It is a large rotating system of surface winds of at least 74 miles per hour. The storm kills two people. As wind shear decreased, convective activity became better organized on October 20. About six hours later, the subtropical depression emerged into the Atlantic and low-level circulation gradually moved toward the deep convection while tracking eastward. Eventually it became a Cat 3 storm with peak sustained winds of 145 mph. While moving inland over the Yucatán Peninsula, Keith weakened further, and was downgraded to a tropical depression before emerging into the Gulf of Mexico on October 4. [52], The remnant tropical wave produced strong winds and flooding in the Lesser Antilles. After weakening back to a Category 1 hurricane, Alberto had completed a cyclonic loop, which it had started on August 13. After slowly developing convection between September 8 and 14, an Air Force Reserve reconnaissance aircraft reported a closed circulation. The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June through November, but most years, the first two months of the season are typically benign. Known as the deadliest hurricane in the country’s history, the Galveston Hurricane hit Galveston Island, on Texas’ eastern coast, in 1900. [1][2], Noted hurricane expert Dr. William M. Gray on April 7 predicted eleven named storms, with eight reaching hurricane strength and three of the eight reaching Category 3 strength. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still related to that storm. [29] Because wind shear was believed to be weak, further intensification seemed very likely. [43] At 1800 UTC on September 3, Ernesto weakened to a tropical depression. The official Atlantic hurricane season runs from June through November, but occasionally storms form outside those months. However, it soon began interacting with a cold front and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 7, while located northwest of Bermuda. There … [44], The depression brought light to moderate rainfall to Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, and Texas, though it was generally less than 3 inches (76 mm). Eventually, the storm turned northward before re-curving north-northeastward. By September 25, the National Hurricane Center initiated advisories. [42] Although deep convection re-developed near the center early on September 3, no intensification occurred. Isaac continued to strengthen and was upgraded to a hurricane on September 23. [82] The depression tracked slowly northward and then northeastward around a subtropical ridge and ahead of a cold front. Electrical stations were also damaged by floods, leaving more than 27,000 people without power. In the 2000 Farmers’ Almanac, we listed the 100 most memorable weather events of the past 100 years.The list included tornadoes, blizzards, floods, droughts, and, of course, hurricanes. [16] Another tropical wave merged with the system on June 7 and developed into a low pressure area in the Gulf of Mexico. [10], Light rainfall and gusty winds caused minor damage in Barbuda, Saint Martin, and Trinidad and Tobago. Late on September 19, the remnants redeveloped into Tropical Depression Twelve near Grand Cayman. The aftermath of the 1935 Labor Day Hurricane in the Florida Keys. It flowed north towards Europe, gaining strength further out into the Atlantic Ocean. The most hurricanes that have ever happened in a single year in the Atlantic Basin are 12, and the least is two. In 2017, we saw two Category 5 hurricanes, six major hurricanes, and 17 storms. [64] Twelve deaths were reported in Nicaragua, all of which were flood-related. By October 19, the system became stationary and developed a surface circulation. A westerly trough that had been guiding Alberto outran the storm, and strong ridging developed to the north and west. In a very 2020 turn of events, there have been so many hurricanes and tropical storms in the Atlantic this year that we've almost run out of names for them, something that has only happened … [11], Tropical cyclogenesis first occurred in the month of June, with two tropical depressions developing in the Atlantic. By 1200 UTC on October 5, the subtropical depression was reclassified as Tropical Storm Leslie. It destroyed hundreds of houses in the Bahamas and reportedly left four dead. At 1200 UTC on September 22, Helene made landfall near Fort Walton Beach, Florida with winds of 40 mph (64 km/h). The storm brought torrential rainfall to Belize, with many areas reporting at least 10 inches (250 mm) of rain, while highest reported amount of precipitation was 32.67 inches (830 mm) in Belize City. The first cyclone, Tropical Depression One, developed in the southern Gulf of Mexico on June 7 and dissipated after an uneventful duration. The precursor to Tropical Storm Leslie brought severe flooding to South Florida, which losses reaching $950 million (2000 USD). [47], Due to a combination of north-northwesterly shear and lower sea surface temperatures, Florence again weakened on September 13 and was downgraded to a tropical storm. Because of its structure, the system became a subtropical depression at 1200 UTC on October 4. While a tropical cyclone, a reconnaissance flight reported winds of 56 mph (90 km/h) at 1,500 feet (460 m). [68] While the precursor crossed Florida, it produced torrential rainfall across southern Florida, especially in the Miami metropolitan area. 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