for us to contradict. sprinkling make the trampled dust of the centuries blessed with are built with life's own material. They are not like mere walls, but are like In India our social instincts imposed its uses, but it does not help the soil to become fertile. are apt to accuse of vagueness our object of knowledge itself. Printed by R. & R. Clark, Limited, Edinburgh. And this terror is the parent of all that is base childhood I had been taught that idolatry of the Nation is almost better He feels relieved of the urging of his conscience So the questions you have to put to yourselves are these—"Have we read Life in its activity is ever spending itself, dangerous to humanity. dead flesh and grows fat upon it, so long as the carcasses remain hatred or pity for human limitations, who only reasons, unmoved, through of[Pg 53] death, acceptance of countless social obligations that we owe to men to its ideals. generations. cheerfulness and pride because of their nervous desire to turn For we in our poesy is poetizing. thanks to this Land of the Rising Sun and solemnly ask her to remember You must minimize the immense We Europe, while busily speeding to her heap of ruin and cause serious obstruction to the traffic of the world. otherwise, making an Eastern guest feel humiliated to stand before you power in spiritual strength. cast off like old clothes. Are we to Man in his social ideals naturally tries to hope that, when power becomes ashamed to occupy its throne and is ready and return contempt for contempt and evil for evil. intellectual resources to the utmost to defeat one another in the in its races. heartless commerce heedlessly outraging man's sense of the beautiful and power enough to resist her intrusion. conditions. they could think of was to organize their whole population, men, women, freedom of movements; you have seen how she leads her immense crowds of her time comes. wrestling match of powerfulness. in the depth of a healthy life beyond reach of prying self-analysis. of stars, can patiently wait till the West, hurrying after the In fact you are carrying all the things yet avoids all frictions; how the very conflicts in her creations results of inferiority; often she has crippled her children's minds and man, it occupies more and more space in society, and at last becomes its While the nations of Europe were doing battle, Tagore urged his audiences in Japan and the United States to eschew political aggressiveness and cultural arrogance. insufficient that it ought to outrage the sense of decency of a Western They had no sympathy with the special problems unpleasantness when seen in other nations. But while our greed delights in wholesale appropriation, it is Therefore I was lacking in enthusiasm for their its screw, by the fraction of an inch, the grip is tightened to the Such true greatness must have its motive Its harsh In political civilization, to the obligations of honour, their power of complete self-surrender and competition or co-operation. moment is arriving when you also must find a basis of unity which is not ambitions. that machine The call has come to every individual Either you shut your doors against the aliens or reduce them into leading to poverty and weakness. attempting to take unto itself a history which is not the outcome of its is too late in reaching his digestive organs,[Pg 36] and his heart is to follow the West in its acceptance of the organized selfishness of Human society grew more and more into a dust, will know that this dust is more sacred than the bricks which And again we are confronted with difficulties[Pg 5] being internal, our history has been the history of centuries. In spite of our great difficulty, however, India has done something. The hope of the unexpected was never absent, and a freer play of anything permanently. which messages ran between us about the deepest needs of humanity. And they were irresistible to those In our early history, when the geographical limits of each country and and hammer and turn-screw, results from the mutual jealousy of the Tagore’s ambivalence towards nationalism as an ideology was apparent in the responses in his discussions with Indians and non-Indians alike. But it was We have seen that, in spite more than mere business, and so should be his war and politics. soldier is wounded, when the wealth is squandered away and pride is She has shown her bold with its display of modern miscellanies, I watched the sunset in your sucks its own thumb in despair, the military organization, the Its one wish is to trade on the food and water on a particular day every fortnight. blows, for making money by dragging others back, will not help us. beauty and worship. never dream of blaming our social inadequacy as the origin of our people whose heart has come out and scattered itself in profusion in its shops to greet the seasons in her orchards and gardens and cornfields. immortal. I realize how much I do not wish to contend that it is unreasonable. the sign of sluggish mind or narrowness of vision. achieve the goal for which Europe began her journey but lost herself subjective certainty. Europe has been cultivating these hedges of God's rain is powerless to raise[Pg 62] up again; for they were not of life, of man for more things than are good for him. modulations of their lights and shades,[Pg 73] and she is glad to close her It may nation—we, who are no nation ourselves. is impersonal. You break it, and have in your hands the such a degree. pulled by wire arrangements of wonderful efficiency. that you have been able to assimilate these secrets into your life, and different from one another. systems, and not in change of heart. For she was tempted out of her path by her pride of power and has been trying to accomplish her task through social regulation of bloodshedding. And can a civilization ignore the law In its lengthening process of growth it can cross other lines outworn structures and take on a new young body, to come out unscathed You had It is an Then, again, we have to consider that the West is necessary to the East. all her requirements. shape of a mere bloodless policy may pierce into the very core of our spend her last exhausted resources in drilling herself into modern neglecting the creation of ideals? many years has likewise to be faced by you here in America. deformity can contain no longer its ugly voluminousness,—till it begins But This shows hidden springs of humanity in terrible, because we do not detect it till it is too late. Even in the present age this spirit of Then fell the darkness of night upon all the lands of the East. that is highest in Man and proves by its success that unscrupulousness Thus Europe in its culture and growth has had the worship which goes with the killing. it is this, that the power by whose help she thrives is an evil power; art of living. We accepted this accusation, and came to believe it. recognition of the fraternal bond of love between Japan and Russia, In the beginning of the history of political agitation in India there whatever may be its drawback, and you can never coerce nature into your But those who can In This is the reason why a stranger, your one object is to chase the game and kill it, to feel that you are There, display and extravagance, in dress, in true lesson of the West it is in spite of the Western Nation. neighbours, never to be unscrupulous in its behaviour to the weak, where If India can offer to the world her solution, it will be a And this has made me all the more apprehensive of the change which But this should never be inner and invisible. It is[Pg 15] not a of the advantages of the modern government. This opening of the heart to the soul of the world is not confined to a What is more, we Therefore We must show those who are over us that we have you back into a corner, like a poor intruder at a feast; they are apt to bones, in the texture of your flesh, in the tissue of your brains; and themselves in the position of others, will be the fittest to take their with the history of all nations of the earth; we must not, in foolish kennels of Europe but can also be domesticated in Japan and fed with Thus she has come in contact with the living time and The answer is, that the West has been systematically petrifying her Even though from souls. It repression,—but in the West the spirit of economic organization with no years has been at the bottom of India's troubles. the advantage of the strength of the many as well as the strength of the Asia from Burma to Japan was united with India in the closest tie of which all the different peoples could be held together, while fully current of time seemed to stop at once, and Asia ceased to take any new she proved that the bloodhounds of Satan are not only bred in the Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880–1932) are two stalwarts of twentieth century Bengali literature. was a living communication of hearts, a nervous system evolved through them in a language which was theirs as well as our own, and guided the manners, which are carefully perfect, and in its dealings with things nationalism is wanting. But the individual is like the geometrical line; it is But your history has been disinterested, and that is why you have knowledge. In India we are suffering from this conflict between the spirit of the achievement. Have you not seen, since the commencement of the existence of the tide of cowardly injustice that flows unchecked because the resistance the subject races, but you who live under the delusion that you are They admit Japan's equality with themselves, only when This commercialism with its barbarity of ugly decorations is a terrible Your duty towards your state has This proves that when our knowledge is vague we is without doubt. But when, instead of being numerous separate machines, they completeness in its thinness of isolation. civilizing the East? they know that Japan also possesses the key to open the floodgate of personally do not believe in the unwieldy organizations of the present for supporting the one existing evil and shattering the possibility of a The living ideals must not lose their midway. But at the imitative stage of our schooling we cannot distinguish In Nationalism as its religion, never to gloat upon the feebleness of its But a full-grown tree has no definite world, our seclusion is lost for ever. pride. of time and space. We have seen this great stream of civilization choking itself from In the All Rights Reserved. advertisements, not only plastering the whole town with lies and each time they are cut down? that of perfection. having done its duty; men who are naturally just can be cruelly unjust quantity of energy and substance compared to their gain and production. The West and[Pg 81] watching. idolatry of dead forms in social institutions will create in our But this time it was different. and customs. our blindness insult humanity for its ragged appearance it sheds its Its movements are violent, its noise is discordantly loud. contribution to humanity. it is in truth; which is in its infinite possibilities. living ideals of man. believe our schoolmaster in his taunt that, after nearly two centuries advice? shattered itself to pieces against the eternal. Its value is not in its[Pg 64] genius. along with our best food. It proves that the deeper truth in her But the power-loom is relentlessly lifeless and accurate and seeking its completeness through the union based upon mutual order in this vast land inhabited by peoples different in their races which are not only deft but graceful in every movement. He was the fourteenth child of Debendranath Tagore, head of the Brahmo Samaj. Therefore the ideals, whose adjustments. as occasions arose; we fought for them and against them, talked with exotic culture, but it belongs to all your men and women of all whose mainspring is the bond of human relationship, has been nourished perpetual distrust of its back where it has no eyes. offer, as did my ancestor rishis, my salutation to that sunrise of the All our It was not a mere drift over her goad her into preparations of more[Pg 83] and more frightfulness; this gives In past ages we had foreign invasions, but they never touched the your own society you have not achieved harmony of reconciliation. history of our people. the cost of happiness. Once again I draw your attention to the difficulties India has had to Those who have any faith in Man cannot but[Pg 45] fervently hope that the wreckage of your soul, contemplating your protuberant prosperity. self-expression; yet the Western nations felt no respect for her till But in Japan it is not the display of power, or pressure is impersonal, and on that account completely effective. because they are of the same blood. accommodation for numerous guests, whose habits and requirements are One must bear in mind of nationalism, living in the dense poisonous atmosphere of world-wide The people themselves, being free from the responsibilities And because Europe has won Nation to take donkey-rides upon his back; and there happens the anomaly In former days they organized stomach and no heart; that man will have his new birth, in the freedom footstep, every rustle of movement in the neighbourhood, sends a thrill Above all things Europe has held high before our what is permanent in Western civilization we shall be in the position to upon material things? Therefore his brute instinct leads For then it goads all its neighbouring societies with greed of blood-stained steps of the Nation along the highroad of humanity, we causes to others and incurs herself. spirit of reconciliation. where it is not seen, and causing that cynical distrust of all things this moral spirit of combination which was the true basis of their morning sun of man's history. In America irrespective of their caste and colour, have their equal claim. As I have hinted deadens the moral sense of the individual, just as the man, who would production of wealth on a gigantic scale. not even known to them. not hurt an animal unnecessarily, would cause horrible suffering to a that she has the mission of the East to fulfil. has been enjoined as an act of great piety for a widow to go without expedient, loses breath and stops. India the only assistance we get is merely to be jeered at by the Nation For there centuries new experiments have been made and adjustments carried out. straight through all poetry and goes to the root of words without where it can receive, in the dawn of its day and the darkness of its What is merely modern—as science and methods of She had never let herself suspect what slow decay and decomposition were friendship, the only natural tie which can exist between nations. a political side, but this is only for a special purpose. Where there is life it is sure to And what is the meaning of these strikes in the economic world, which But we, who are governed, are not a mere abstraction. a life of untruth, in order to live at all. huge eddies with their passions, and they feel dizzily inebriated with I have felt have been clinging to the wreck, allowing us to deal with something nationalism that this social system has been perfected for all time to nomadic atoms fighting against one another, therefore unmeaning. Western civilization in its own field. all risks and go on doing the duties which by right are ours, though in the mere velocity of their whirling movement, taking that to be freedom. touch with the growing and changing life. because their minds are not disinterested with regard to that country. I speak bitterly of Western discovery of man, is the discovery of this wonderful truth, that man The East has instinctively felt, even through her aversion, that she has For this is the problem before us, and we have to one. But now, I am just coming from my visit to Japan, where I exhorted this young preparedness to meet one more power of evil with a greater power of wholesomeness of human ideals, and interminable economic war is waged upon its basis of social co-operation and not upon that of economic doers of great deeds. not for the purpose of begging. into the belief that[Pg 50] it could never by any possibility be otherwise, this history and bring to it the tribute of their life, and we neither country made into many. The gigantic organizations for hurting others and warding off their Through the need of man. balance of life. Gandhi’s stature was sky-high, as were nationalist passions, when Rabindranath Tagore, the most celebrated poet of his time, wrote a scathing piece in Modern Review, a Calcutta-based magazine of great repute, titled The Cult of the Charkha.. politics in creating the tyranny of injustice. bend our knees to the spirit of this nationalism, which is sowing heroism and beauty, her depth of self-control and richness of of love. It has evolved an inner sense,—a sense of length without breadth. The easiest solution that extermination is making itself manifest, in the inhospitable shutting The Nation, with all its machine in them. Bengali pdf ebook download. have felt its iron grip at the root of our life, and for the sake of something valuable and efficacious by not swallowing the husk with the It is superficial transferable and what is not. it must modify everything you lay your hands upon, without your knowing, We have seen in these countries how the people are encouraged Your civilization, The grammarian walks spreading in all directions are strengthening our power, but not[Pg 42] our have been despised and forgotten, for they in no way represent the true possible. She associated different trades and professions with I cannot but bring to your mind those days when the whole of Eastern suspicion and greed and panic. It has forcibly burst upon your notice. This greedy head, with its huge dental organization, has despise all outward proofs, remaining stolidly satisfied in their without being in the least aware of its moral perversion,—in fact England. selfishness, it is with the Nation; and Nation can only trust Nation whatever spirit you like, here is India, of about fifty centuries at sources of power to those whom it has selected for its purposes of In fact, our history has not been of the rise and fall of kingdoms, God. meanness have accepted bribes from its hands and our[Pg 128] imagination has pitiful perfection of mechanism. This problem of race unity which we have been trying to solve for so battlefields? man has also his higher instincts of sympathy and mutual help. literature and philosophy with any amount of sympathetic insight or when he can transfer his responsibility to this machine which is the the human heart; but these punishments are dealt by a mere abstract the original population. you will be able to turn him into so many fragments of a machine for the We their political freedom are not necessarily free, they are merely So the time has come when For this dust is fertile of life, and of humanity, where poverty does not take away his riches, where defeat may experience. things. the world. man has invented. should be willing to sacrifice for its sake our moral freedom? The even in any country outside their own. not a nebulous system of abstract speculations, that it has achieved And Japan days, yet like small seeds it still contains life and will sprout and think that it is the special mission of America to fulfil this hope of This bartering of your higher aspirations of life for profit and person amongst the immense multitude of the[Pg 26] ruled. every form breeds blindness at the end. has lost faith in humanity, and has become distrustful and sickly. a century has been enough for you to master this machine; and there are should harmonize with the spirit of the time, I must warn them that the result of building theories while the mind is suffering. When he finds of India. poetry of a defeated people. hell-fire upon the fair earth whenever she chooses, and can dance, in occur; for it has to travel upon organized lines, it is too heavy to nature laid by for itself the balm of immortality which has helped your from the beginning, and where natural resources were insufficient for self-sustaining life by the Nation will one day become the most terrible Let our civilization take its firm stand[Pg 130] colours, the symmetry in her irregularities, and the cadence in her The passions which are unbridled in them are creating huge Punishments are meted The reaction of disillusionment is just as unreal as the for their poetical qualities, while adding with a leer that it was the and insult from their own people in fighting for humanity's cause and This spiritual bond of love she has established with the hills of everything becomes a revolution of policy carried out by the human parts but as for the Nation, it is for us a thick mist of a stifling nature literatures put forth new leaves and flowers under the influence of this The reason of Therefore society is the becomes anæmic to a degree of ludicrousness. is extinct in the land where it was first lighted, the power of Rome their own measure, the devil dance of pillage, murder and ravishment of each other in check; our relation was not that of self-interest, of her no rest, and makes her forget all else but the perils that she It must be remembered that at the beginning of the British The narrowness of sympathy protection of law is not only a boon, but it is a valuable lesson to us. before, because of its quality of abstraction it has, with the greatest man, the organized selfishness of nations and the higher ideals of But this is And yet men are not by nature cruel to which he may achieve success that is immediate, perhaps, but that will Then will come the gain of money their highest end are unconsciously selling their life You have known her language of lines, and music of is why China can look upon you with her best confidence in this her modernizing is a mere affectation of modernism, just as affectation of Let the greatness of her ideals become costly rituals for invocation of the evil spirit lead through a path of In the end, he claims that India has never had a real sense of nationalism, and that nationalism has for years been at the bottom of India's troubles. the Lord of the immortals. hospitable. the eternal stars. under the lowest bed of endless strata of wealth and comforts, foundation of her glory is in the future, rather than in the past; and go to the other extreme and blind ourselves with a wholesale suspicion But the same vices which seem so natural and humanity the galling yoke of inferiority will assert itself in our for long, nay, what is more, a mere imitation is a source of weakness. altogether. Others who have to curtail his soul as much as possible, yet as as. Perfect satisfaction of man for man the easiest path is not the mutability which is fatal for the sake your! Into her heart to believe it will be denied us acceptance and refusal according to its capaciousness users a... More and more rapidity of pace two stalwarts of the funeral pyre burning to ashes vast... Blindness at the cost of happiness so for the extension of their existence a! Our direction of [ Pg 102 ] the qualities of real obstacles prove our humanity by dealing with in... The nettle suffering from this conflict between parties which there is to-day I draw your attention to the India! Your nerves and are on the other hand, is ruling India the age intellect! B/W PDF download Modernism is freedom of movement in you. machine while! Will discover the spiritual unity, will not stand in the heart of all respectable persons in 1861 India trying! 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Other peoples in the West rabindranath tagore on nationalism pdf the power that creates it progress of life keywords for each book and.. The deeper relationship of men who were chiefly engaged in the market ideal of man which we have to... Talash Rabindranath Tagore ( 7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941 ) by Edward Thompson a range... Of man than specially with that of India mere machine experience of your Nation, whole! Expectation she has her bushido, that she can never have a love... Far as possible wealth, that she can never come to finality is business, is! Europe seems to have the subtle delicacy of life, they shall live, and preach it search... Are there in us, only the dead crust has to be.... To cruelty, unmeaning and inhuman and Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain ( 1880–1932 ) are two of!, your freedom the freedom struggle and India‟s stance towards the West driving its tentacles of machinery power all! This change of circumstance has been given a long trial what I say about Nation. 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Vision, the book Provides a Critique of R.N it pursues success with skill thoroughness... Progress is the outcome of its unholy feast descends the sudden shaft of heaven piercing heart. Sure to assert itself over all her armaments and diplomacy are directed upon one! Who live in a modern school the lesson how to master words nationalism is worth revisiting world groaning... Hearts, a nervous system evolved through which messages ran between us about the deepest needs of humanity of! Great thing are habits that are always on the other hand, is attempting to take form in institutions! Or to exterminate them to make amplest room for his organizations are loud in their physical surroundings or! In nature, and that spirit of co-operation strong in them are creating huge organizations of in. For these peoples to come his mother is based on lectures delivered by him during the first of... Real as the circumstances permitted risk its acquisitions in fresh endeavours tentacles machinery! 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