This technical report serves as a background document for the MAES pilot on urban ecosystems. "Urban areas are hubs of creativity and innovation providing fertile ground for novel responses to modern environmental challenges. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol21/iss2/art29/, The role of ecological wisdom in managing for sustainable interdependent urban and natural ecosystems / Duncan T. Patten Yet, the value of urban green spaces is still widely overlooked in urban policy and planning. Il n’existe pas un indicateur unique permettant de faire état de toutes les facettes de la biodiversité. http://pubs.sciepub.com/aees/2/6/1/index.html, Évaluer les écosystèmes urbains et leurs services : des spécificités ? This Thesis explains how ecosystem services help improve the livability of cities, with a focus on European medium-sized urban areas, using empirical, integrated (e.g. CTA 17255 "Aujourd’hui, pour lutter contre les ilots de chaleur urbains (Kt,’), les aménageurs et les politiques publiques disposent d’une information qualitative pour élaborer des recommandations de plantations sans pouvoir évaluer leur impact réel." Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, School of Environment and Life Sciences, College of Science and Technology, University of Salford (UK), June 2015, 336 p. From wildlife to water, from urban agriculture to low-impact development, we need a better understanding of the urban ecosystem. RHADDAD Yaël. 115, 2015, pp. Quant à la végétation arborée, elle a été étudiée en quantifiant les services et desservices écosystémiques en appliquant le modèle i-Tree Eco." Urban development affects the spatial heterogeneity of the landscape (i.e., pattern of variation in land cover) and spread of disturbance (i.e., invasive species). "In the current context of urban densification and climate change the role of adaptive management of space in cities becomes crucial. Bien qu’il n’ait révélé qu’une partie du fonctionnement de la flore prairiale, le protocole de suivi a eu le mérite d’en déterminer sa composition et sa structuration en précisant l’impact de plusieurs facteurs environnementaux et anthropiques. Comité français de l’UICN, février 2014, 18 p. Using several cases of interrelationships between urban and natural ecosystems, ecological wisdom is conceptually shown to be a preferred management process. http://www.dart-europe.eu/full.php?id=854553, Urban habitats as a refuge for biodiversity : A case study in Greece University of Massachusetts - Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst - Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty, 2016, 7 p. http://www.ladocumentationfrancaise.fr/rapports-publics/074000752/index.shtml, publié le 13 février 2018 (modifié le 4 décembre 2019), The state and use of municipal tree inventories in Swedish municipalities – results from a national survey, Les espaces verts urbains : éclairages sur les services écosystémiques culturels. The Value of Green Spaces in Cities In : Évaluation française des écosystèmes et des services écosystémiques (EFESE), Session 2b, MEDDE, séminaire du 9 décembre 2014 [site visité le 1 septembre 2014] In this "Century of the City, - for the world to be sustainable and resilient, cities must be an essential part of the solution - and novel urban ecosystems will play a fundamental role. "Cities can be planned and designed to reduce their effect on biodiversity loss and may even be able to sustain biodiversity levels in some instances, due to ‘beta-diversity’. Report prepared by Center for Integrated Solutions to Climate Challenges at Arizona State University, July 2014 "Urban green infrastructure has the potential to offer multiple ecosystem services to society. http://www.ias.unu.edu/, Park land : How open data can improve our urban green spaces European Union, EUR 27706 EN, 2015, 72 p. (Nous n’avons pas ce document au CRDALN, mais pouvons l’emprunter si nécessaire), GALLARDO, Jean-Philippe ; SUDRIE, Catherine (dir.) http://repository.tudelft.nl/view/ir/uuid%3Ad6daf10e-3b3d-484c-824a-413f3a1f659c/, Integrating ecosystem services in landscape planning : requirements, approaches, and impacts This article brings together the collective insights of scholars and practitioners from a wide range of disciplines – lawyers and urban planners to ecologists and economists. Much remains to be done. http://scholarworks.umass.edu/larp_faculty_pubs/66/, Évaluation française des écosystèmes et des services écosystémiques. ii)0 to develop an approach to estimate the cooling capacity provided by Green Urban Infrastructures to support urban planning. VAN DER VELDE Tisma A., NIJHUIS J.R.T. Reviewing > 50 peer-reviewed publications from the project, we present and discuss seven key insights that reflect cumulative findings from the project as well as the state-of-the-art knowledge in urban ecosystem services research. A greater proportion of life spent in a given urban or rural … The results highlight the importance and complexity of stewardship of urban biodiversity and ecosystem services and of the planning and governance of urban green infrastructure." 2016). PhD thesis, University of Trento, 2017, 118 p., publiée le 18 mai 2017 » However, municipal tree inventories in Sweden and elsewhere have received limited attention. Plusieurs études ont montré l’importance de la biodiversité et des écosystèmes en tant que capital économique ainsi que leur fragilité. [site visité le 27 janvier 2014] Cultural ecosystem services: Characteristics, challenges and lessons for urban green space research Author links open overlay panel Dawn C. Dickinson Richard J. Hobbs Show more "Pilotée par le ministère, l’évaluation française des écosystèmes et des services écosystémiques (Efese) regroupe un ensemble d’évaluations en vue d’améliorer le pilotage des politiques de protection et d’utilisation de la biodiversité et leur intégration dans les politiques sectorielles (santé, logement, sécurité...). http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13280-014-0506-y, De la gestion des villes à la conception d’écosystèmes urbains durables Scientifique en intégrant les apports de l’architecture de systèmes complexes, culturelle par l’évolution de la décision et de l’organisation publique que cela suppose." Households were sent a survey on aesthetic perception of urban green space, sound perception and the importance of trees and plants for the perception of bird species." D’une part ce mode de développement intègre ces derniers dans le triptyque économie-social-environnement, en insistant sur les processus de prise de décision ; d’autre part, le mouvement international qui a mené à l’émergence du développement durable a directement associé les gouvernements locaux, dont les villes, dans les engagements qui ont été pris. Puis nous distinguerons deux manières différentes de considérer la nature en ville : celle assimilant les objets de nature à des éléments de mobilier urbain ; celle appréhendant la nature sous l’angle de la biodiversité. UNU/IAS Report, 2013 [site visité le 22/11/2013] Size: As a rule, in the same country and at the same period, the size of an urban community is much larger than that of a rural […] Urban ecosystems provide many benefits to people, including regulation of environmental conditions, recreational opportunities, and positive health impacts. [site visité le 19/02/2016] iv) to develop guidance to support equitable distribution of ES in cities. Although a number of comprehensive reviews have examined global ecosystem services (ES), few have focused on studies that assess urban ecosystem services (UES). http://vertigo.revues.org/12683 RAYMOND, Richard ; SIMON, Laurent. From wildlife to water, from urban agriculture to low-impact development, we need a better understanding of the urban ecosystem. In the vertical structure, as its name implies, the greater variety and complexity of the ecosystem occurs vertically, as can be seen in the forest where there is an herbaceous stratum (relative to the grass), a shrub stratum (relative to the Shrubs) and an arboreal stratum (relative to trees). http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204616300470, Exploring local consequences of two land-use alternatives for the supply of urban ecosystem services in Stockholm year 2050 / Jaan-Henrik Kaina, Neele Larondelleb, Dagmar Haaseb, Anna Kaczorowskaa Hedblom, Å. Ode Sang http://www.comite21.org/publications/index.html The world is now predominantly urban and will become increasingly so until mid-century when global population is expected to stabilize at around 70% urban. Contributions may span a range of specific subject … characteristics on some ecosystem service types in urban areas, and of the proportion of time living in the community, education level, and age in rural areas (Fig. This paper presents a conceptual framework to facilitate the development of an inclusive model for the sustainability assessment of green infrastructure. Urban ecosystem. Assessment of Urban Ecosystem Services using Ecosystem Services Reviews and GIS-based Tools SIEBER Jeannette, PONS Manon Procedia Engineering, Vol. Nous apportons un questionnement sur les indicateurs évaluatifs de nature en ville et tentons de déterminer une grille d’évaluation des projets urbains. "Il est malheureusement fréquent d’opposer nature et ville. 216, 6 January 2016, Pages 68–79 Nature (La) dans la ville : biodiversité et urbanisme [site visité le 12/03/2015] http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:746134/FULLTEXT01.pdf, Ecosystem Services and Urban Resilience – Case of Stockholm. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01136771, Mapping and assessment of urban ecosystems and their services / Sara Maia Rocha, Grazia Zulian, Joachim Maes, Martijn Thijssen « Dans ce document sont présentés les principaux types d’indicateurs de biodiversité et la pertinence de leur application en milieu urbain. Brussels). [site visité le 19/02/2016] Voir aussi l’interview vidéo de Bettina Laville, auteure du rapport built-up areas) and the risk that the normative principle of the concept could be missed. http://usir.salford.ac.uk/35449/1/M%20D%20Thesis%20June2015.pdf, The New Global Urban Realm : Complex, Connected, Diffuse, and Diverse Social-Ecological Systems First it reviews aspects of sustainability and resilience and their relationship to management of coupled, interdependent urban and natural ecosystems where the natural ecosystem supplies goods and services to help maintain urban sustainability. Urban ecosystems are expanding around the world as people migrate to cities and the human population continues to grow. Tools such as landscape characterization can assist in the understanding of betadiversity in metropolitan regions by mapping the extent and configuration of beta-diversity conditions, in particular microhabitats and habitat mosaic configurations. 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